State institutions do not have the legitimacy or the means to provide basic public services, particularly in the areas of security and education. The northern regions have been particularly neglected. This weakness of states – highlighted by their low ranking in the Normandy Peace Index (see Figure 2) – and the porous nature of borders favour the infiltration and takeover of territories by armed groups such as Boko Haram, ISIL/Da’esh, AQIM, Mujao, Al Mourabitoun and Ansar Dine. Building on grievances against the state and community rivalries, these groups have succeeded in establishing themselves by providing young populations affected by unemployment and school dropout with income from drug and arms trafficking, social services and a sense of community.
We write about
Disclaimer and Copyright statement
The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy.
For a comprehensive description of our cookie and data protection policies, please visit Terms and Conditions page.
Copyright © European Union, 2014-2021. All rights reserved.