Last but not least, the limited margin envisaged under the MFF ceilings for subheading 2b was used to reinforce EU4Health and Erasmus+ (€249.4 million). As a result, the total appropriations requested for subheading 2b exceeded the ceiling agreed, and the Flexibility Instrument had to be mobilised for an amount of €76.4 million in the 2021 budget.
In terms of funding, heading 3 is the biggest in the 2021 budget (35.7 %). It is dedicated to programmes supporting two main policy areas: agriculture and maritime policy (97 % of the allocation under heading), and environment and climate action (3 %). However, the latter are also integrated under other headings through climate mainstreaming.