Heading 5 covers EU programmes in the area of security and defence, and represents 1 % of the total 2021 budget. It is a new element in the structure of the EU budget, introduced with the 2021-2027 MFF, and reflects mounting pressure for EU action in this area. It brings together already existing instruments addressing internal security challenges, and entirely new instruments in the area of EU defence, such as the European Defence Fund (EDF) and military mobility.
Figure 17 – Heading 5 Security and defence, 2021 commitment appropriations
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