The circularity rate is an indicator developed by Eurostat to monitor the circular economy. It is the share of material recovered and fed back into the economy in overall material use. A higher circularity rate means that primary raw materials are replaced by secondary materials to a greater extent. The EU-27’s circularity rate is 11.9 % and varies between Member States; in the Netherlands, 285 kilograms of secondary materials are needed for one tonne of primary materials; in Romania 15 kg for one tonne. There are six Member State above the EU average.
Circular material use rate (%, 2019)
European Parliamentary Research Service
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