The resources borrowed under NGEU will be spent in the form of grants and loans through a package of programmes addressing different issues relating to the recovery and resilience of the EU economy and society. A small share (€83.1 billion, i.e. 10 %) will temporarily reinforce selected programmes existing under the 2021-2027 MFF. In other words, in the coming two to three years, Horizon Europe, InvestEU, rescEU, and the Just Transition Fund (JTF) will be partly financed and implemented under the MFF and partly under NGEU. The proportions of the NGEU and MFF component vary by programme. While the total NGEU allocation for Horizon Europe amounts to 6 %, in the JTF it is 56 %.