In less than a century, since the emergence of the first megacity – New York – megacities have spread all over the world, in developed and less developed countries (see Figure 8). According to UN estimates, there are 34 megacities in the world, distributed over four continents – Australia is the only continent with no megacity. China and India each have six megacities; Brazil, Japan, Pakistan and the United States each have two; the EU has one: Paris, as do Russia and Turkey – each with a megacity in their European part (Moscow and Istanbul).
Existing and future megacities in the world by 2035
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