EPRS Admin By / February 1, 2022

EU budget and general government expenditure in the EU

EU budget and general government expenditure in the EU (2020, € billion)

EU budget and general government expenditure in the EU (2020, € billion)

Totalling €174.3 billion (in payment appropriations) in 2020, the EU budget has traditionally accounted for around 1 % of EU gross national income (GNI). Member States’ public spending represented, on average, 53 % of their GNI in 2020, a share that increased in the context of the pandemic, owing to the resulting recession and increased public spending to mitigate its impact.
Before the outbreak of the pandemic and before NGEU implementation began, the EU budget represented some 2 % of total public spending in the European Union (see Figure 5), reflecting the fact that spending competences and resources in most policy areas lie mainly at national and/or local levels. These data show a situation very different from that of federal entities, where federal spending usually represents some 50 % at least of final public spending (or 15 to 20 % of gross domestic product) in decentralised models, such as the United States (US).


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