EPRS Admin By / June 3, 2022

Total fertility rate

Total fertility rate (live births per woman)

Total fertility rate (live births per woman)

According to Eurostat statistics, in 2019 there were 1.53 live births per woman in the EU. This is a decrease of 0.1 compared to 2018. Figures range from 1.14 in Malta (1.23 in 2018) to 1.86 in France (1.88 in 2018). The average age of women at the birth of their first child in the EU in 2018 was 29.4 years (an increase of 0.1 years compared to 2018), ranging from 26.3 in Bulgaria to 31.3 in Italy.
Fertility rates have been declining in the EU-27 since the mid-1960s. The EU-27 as a whole had a total fertility rate above 2.1 live births per woman until the mid-1970s, ranging from 3.78 in Ireland to 1.98 in Estonia. Rates declined in the following decades, then saw a modest recovery, reaching 1.47 in 2005 before climbing to 1.57 in 2010. Total fertility rates for the EU-27 have since fallen back slightly, dipping to 1.51 in 2013; they currently stand at 1.53 (according to the latest data from 2019).
Total fertility rates in the world as a whole have also been on a generally declining trend, albeit from a much higher starting point of around five live births per woman in 1960. They fell below four in 1977 and to under three by 1993, and currently (2018) stand at 2.41

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