you're reading...

Overview of proposals discussed

Overview of proposals discussed

Overview of proposals discussed

Table 1 provides a general overview of five different concepts of fiscal capacity for the euro area. They differ according to their rationale and the scope of stabilisation intended, as well as to whether pay-outs should be triggered automatically, or result from political decision-making. Finally, sources of funding also differ. The most-cited reform options are use of insurance to absorb cyclical shocks (measured as output gap of GDP, see section 3.1), and two versions to mitigate large swings in unemployment in the monetary union. A genuine European unemployment insurance (section 3.2) could top up and continuously support national budgets in economic downturns, while an unemployment re-insurance fund (section 3.3.) would only kick in during extraordinary economic crises. Less ‘technocratic’ options seek to create means that would not only allow mitigation of major macroeconomic shocks, but also support structural reforms in Member States, enhance public investment, and increase domestic demand. Such a public investment strategy could build upon the existing EFSI (European Fund for Strategic Investments) framework and eventually become subordinated to a dedicated borrowing-lending institution, such as the ESM (European Stability Mechanism). The two EP committees’ draft report suggests eventually transforming the ESM into a European Monetary Fund (see section 4.3.2). Finally, a dedicated euro-area budget, including some delegated competences for own resources, is advocated by those who consider it would become the nucleus for a genuine euro-area treasury.
The first column, the scope of stabilisation, shows the different major functions implied with the chosen instrument. An absorption fund to counter cyclical shocks (see 3.1.) for instance, predominantly aims for macroeconomic stabilisation. By contrast, supporters of European unemployment insurance (see 3.2) often evoke social policy aims as well. To set up any minimum provision regarding unemployment protection at EU level would necessarily imply some form of harmonised labour law, while at the same time it might foster the convergence of European labour markets.

Discussion

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: