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Bosnia and Herzegovina

This tag is associated with 13 posts

European Parliament Plenary Session, February 2019

With the European elections fast approaching, and the brexit situation still fluid, the Future of Europe is naturally high on Parliament’s agenda in February. Continue reading

Western Balkans: Enlargement strategy 2018

With a resolute tone and a sense of urgency, the European Commission’s new enlargement strategy for the Western Balkans sets a clear direction for the region’s six countries: it offers them a credible enlargement perspective and pledges enhanced EU engagement. It indicates 2025 as a possible enlargement date. Continue reading

Western Balkans in the spotlight in 2018

With positive messages and increased attention coming from the EU, 2017 seems to have ended on a high note for the Western Balkans. 2018 starts with the region being high on the agenda of Bulgaria’s EU Council Presidency, and promises a favourable context for advancing its EU bids. For this to happen, however, the six WB countries need to show results on the core EU-related reforms. Continue reading

The Western Balkans’ Berlin process: A new impulse for regional cooperation

Written by Velina Lilyanova, The six Western Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro and Serbia – are united by the common goal of joining the EU. However, they still face divisions, both infrastructural and political, and are confronted, among other things, by a dire economic situation … Continue reading

EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian region (EUSAIR)

Written by Vasileios Margaras The EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR) is the third EU macro-regional strategy, following the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (2009) and the EU Strategy for the Danube Region (2011). On a mandate from the European Council, the EUSAIR was developed jointly by the Commission with the … Continue reading

In focus week on the Western Balkans

The last three plenary sessions of the European Parliament (EP) featured one recurring policy issue: EU enlargement, reason enough to focus this week on the countries of the Western Balkans, and their varying progress towards EU membership. Assessing the progress of countries waiting in the queue to join is carried out in an annual exercise by the … Continue reading

Sarajevo process : the 1992-95 war refugee problem in the Western Balkans

The Sarajevo Process takes its name from the Sarajevo Declaration adopted in January 2005 at a Regional Ministerial Conference on Refugee Returns (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro. It was further supported by the Belgrade Declaration, adopted at the Migration, Asylum and Refugees Regional Initiative (MARRI) Regional Forum, on 7 April 2006. The participating states committed to find a solution for the remaining … Continue reading

Bosnia & Herzegovina: continuing standstill

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) made very limited progress towards EU membership in 2013. The lack of measures to address discrimination on the grounds of ethnicity, and thus implement the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights is preventing BiH from moving closer to the EU. Background BiH was recognised as a potential candidate country … Continue reading

Bosnia 2013 Census

The 2013 census in BiH did not start off well. The Bosnian political parties could not agree for many years whether to call for the census or not. The main issue was the return of refugees to pre-war homes, as foreseen by Annex 7 of the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords. Continue reading

Republika Srpska

Republika Srpska  The Dayton Peace Agreement modified the structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It created two entities – the Federation of BiH  (51% of the territory, predominantly inhabited by Bosniaks, but also by Bosnian Croats) and the Republika Srpska (49% of the territory, with a majority of Bosnian Serbs) – as well as the Brcko District, which is a self-governing unit under the jurisdiction of … Continue reading

Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnian Croats, the smallest of the country’s three main communities, complain of a lack of political power. Many left Bosnia during the war and a majority settled in Croatia. In what is now Republika Srpska,  only 5-10% are thought to have returned. Several estimates have been made, that range from 434 000 to 570 000, significantly less than in 1991 census when there were 760 000. In October 2013, … Continue reading

Growing up under siege: “War Childhood” by Jasminko Halilović

By MEP Doris Gisela Pack (DE/EPP) What was it like to grow up in a Sarajevo under siege? Now that we are some years on from the terrible events of the early nineties, I thought it was time for some reflection. In cooperation with Mr Dino Elezović of the Sarajevo Canton – Regional Representation in … Continue reading

Bosnia and Herzegovina: reactions to the Commission’s 2012 progress report

In its latest progress report on Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the European Commission concluded that BiH made very limited progress towards EU membership in 2012. EU institutions as well as the Bosnian government have endorsed the findings of the Commission’s progress report. The current situation Sixteen months after the country’s October 2010 legislative elections, a … Continue reading

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