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Christian Salm

This tag is associated with 10 posts

Political Groups in the European Parliament: A historical perspective

Taking a variety of shapes and forms, European transnational party cooperation is a unique international phenomenon. This is true of transnational party cooperation both outside and within the European Parliament. Continue reading

European elections: A historical perspective

Between 23 and 26 May 2019, 427 million European Union (EU) citizens had the opportunity to vote for Members of the European Parliament. This was the ninth time that EU citizens could vote directly for the policy- and decision-makers who will represent them in EU politics. Continue reading

Forty years of direct elections to the European Parliament

Between 23 and 26 May 2019, 350 million European Union (EU) citizens have the opportunity to vote for Members of the European Parliament. It will be the ninth time that EU citizens can vote directly for the policy- and decision-makers who will represent them in EU politics. Direct elections to the European Parliament are consequently one of the most important events in the EU political cycle. Continue reading

The added value of the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI), and its revision

Introduced by the 2007 Treaty of Lisbon and made operational on 1 April 2012 by EU Regulation No 211/2011, the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) is aimed at bringing the EU closer to its citizens by enabling them to invite the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. Continue reading

Benefits of EU international trade agreements

Trade is the EU’s most important link to the world beyond its borders. In force since the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the transition to a common EU trade policy was completed in 1968. Continue reading

The political impact of the European Parliament in the 1980s

Written by Christian Salm, Research on the history of the EU has mainly covered the impact of the nation states and their governments on the European integration process. Consequently, historical research on the role of the EU’s supranational institutions has been neglected. There are only a few exceptions where historical studies reconstruct the influence of … Continue reading

EU support for education: Improving young people’s chances on the job market

Written by Christian Salm and Cornelia Klugman, The EU’s ERASMUS+ programme is investing €14.7 billion in education (2014-2019). ERASMUS+ will enable 4 million young Europeans to study or learn abroad. Experience abroad increases young people’s chances on the job market and reduces their risk of unemployment. Support for education, training and youth in Europe School … Continue reading

Impact of the ECSC Common Assembly on the politics, negotiation and content of the Rome Treaties

Written by Christian Salm, As the historical framework for the present-day European Union (EU), the Treaties of Rome, signed in March 1957 and establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), are among the most important treaties of the European integration process. The failure to set up a … Continue reading

EU Research Policy: Tackling the major challenges facing European society

Written by Christian Salm, 2014 – 2020, EU funds for research and innovation near €120 billion. €31 billion of EU funds are set aside for research into societal challenges (2014 – 2020) A fully established European Research Area will generate annual gains of €16 billion. A European Research Area to boost growth and jobs in Europe In … Continue reading

The European Research Area in a nutshell

Written by VIncent Reillon, Thomas Zandstra and Christian Salm, The European Research Area (ERA) concept has shaped common European policy on research since 2000. However, despite positive developments in creating an integrated research area in Europe with 28 different research systems working together, the implementation of the ERA still faces challenges. Over 40 years after the … Continue reading

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