defence policy

This tag is associated with 37 posts

European defence [What Think Tanks are thinking]

The European Union is moving closer to developing integrated European defence after 23 of its 28 Member States agreed in November on joint military investment in equipment, research and develop¬ment through Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), an enhanced-cooperation mechanism enshrined in the 2009 Lisbon Treaty. Continue reading

Review of dual-use export controls [EU Legislation in Progress]

Certain goods and technologies have legitimate civilian applications but can also be used for the development of weapons of mass-destruction, terrorist acts and human rights violations; these so-called ‘dual-use’ goods are subject to the European Union’s export control regime. Continue reading

Outcome of European Council meeting of 9 March 2017 and of informal meeting of the EU27 of 10 March 2017

Written by Suzana Anghel and Ralf Drachenberg, After re-electing Donald Tusk as its President, the European Council meeting of 9 March 2017 discussed the economic situation in Europe, progress on measures regarding migration, internal and external security, and external relations. In his first speech to the European Council, the recently- elected President of the European … Continue reading

Countering hybrid threats: EU-NATO cooperation [Policy Podcast]

Written by Patryk Pawlak, The concept of hybrid threat has gained traction in relation to Russia’s actions in Ukraine and the ISIL/Da’esh campaigns going far beyond Syria and Iraq. Faced with this constantly evolving challenge, the European Union and NATO have taken several steps to strengthen their respective capabilities and pursue common objectives through closer … Continue reading

European security and the NATO summit [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, Challenges to security in Europe will take centre stage at the NATO summit in Warsaw on 8-9 July when its heads of state and government will discuss issues ranging from Russia’s conflict with Ukraine and its growing military assertiveness to turmoil across the Middle East and North Africa, and the future … Continue reading

NATO, EU and security in Europe [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski Russia’s conflict with Ukraine and turbulence in the Middle East have reawakened concern about Europe’s security, fuelling a debate about its defence capabilities, the role of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and its relations with the European Union. NATO and the EU, sharing values, strategic interests, and a majority of members, … Continue reading

European defence cooperation – State of play and thoughts on an EU army

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig The recent comments by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, welcoming the eventual creation of an EU army in the long run, have sparked a wide debate across European capitals and the expert community. If for some the possibility of an EU army represents an illusion that may distract EU Member States from dealing with the real … Continue reading

NATO – road to the 2014 Summit

Last NATO Summit was held in Chicago, in May 2012. The Afghan transition, the missile defence system, and cyber defence policies were at the centre of the discussion then. Two years later, the on-going withdrawal from Afghanistan, Ukraine and Russia, Syria and Iraq, and the re-thinking of the Transatlantic Partnership will be at the centre … Continue reading

China’s defence budget

For more than a decade, China’s steadily rising military budget has been observed by Western analysts and the governments of neighbouring countries. This Keysource lists the country’s 2012 to 2014 official figures and diverging estimates provided by foreign organisations, international reaction to these figures plus analyses of the possible implications of current developments. Development up … Continue reading

European defence cooperation: New impetus needed

The December 2013 European Council summit is due to debate the EU’s security and defence policy. Many expect the summit to give renewed impetus to European defence, as economic austerity has had a severe impact on the defence budgets and military capabilities of EU Member States (MS). Moreover, the EU’s future ability to protect its … Continue reading

Ratifying the UN Firearms Protocol

According to the United Nations, the black market in arms trafficking generates on average US$240 million per year. This amounts to 10-20% of the legal arms market. Aimed at countering this phenomenon, the Firearms Protocol (UNFP) to the UN Convention on Organised Crime, in force since 2005, has now to be concluded by the European … Continue reading

European defence in times of austerity

Last update: December 2013 “Pooling and Sharing” and “Smart Defence” The economic crisis and subsequent substantial cuts in national defence budgets have put the military capabilities of the EU MS considerably under strain.  It has also triggered the necessity for improved and better coordinated military cooperation between Member States’ armed forces. According to a RAND study, … Continue reading

China Week: Library focus on EU-China relations

China’s increasing clout on the world stage brings challenges and opportunities for EU-China relations. At the European Parliament, China features as a regular agenda item at the foreign affairs, security and defence, international trade and human rights committees. As the Library’s job is to provide information support to Members and EP staff through balanced and … Continue reading

China’s military rise

The Chinese military build-up is reflected in the steep growth in its military spending. This is rooted in a renewed foreign and security policy doctrine, manifested by a greater involvement and assertiveness of China on the international stage. The modernisation of China’s military forces is the main thrust of its military development. Its major aim … Continue reading

NATO in the aftermath of the financial crisis

Since the onset of the financial crisis, in 2008, members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) have reduced their defence budgets by billions of euros. Moreover, reduced investment on specific critical capabilities is affecting the ability of NATO to act. Investment in equipment, and research and development has also been reduced. Whilst saving money … Continue reading

EU arms exports: Member States’ compliance with the common rules

The European Union (EU) is the only regional organisation to have set up a legally binding arrangement on conventional arms exports. The common position agreed by EU Member States in 2008 sets out common rules and minimum standards to be followed by national authorities when granting export licences for military equipment and technology. It defines … Continue reading

EU-Norway cooperation in the area of foreign policy and defence

The paradox of Norway’s “Inside, outside” approach towards the EU is particularly apparent in the areas of foreign policy and defence. Increasingly aware of its limited influence on EU policy formulation, Norway has adopted a proactive and participative approach to avoid marginal-isation. Norway’s foreign policy is aligned with the majority of EU foreign policy declaration … Continue reading

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