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energy

This tag is associated with 73 posts

EU climate and energy policies post-2020: Energy security, competitiveness and decarbonisation

The European Commission recently presented its proposals for post-2020 climate and energy policies. It is now up to Parliament and Member States to reach an agreement. The current “20-20-20” targets focus on decarbonisation through the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the deployment of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures. The global context for … Continue reading

Food versus fuel

Introduction Biofuel production that uses plants otherwise available for consumption is a debate that requires caution. Some studies gathered in this keysource see a direct link between both and the reason for food price increases (leading to hunger), but a lot of other studies underline the complexity of their relationship. On 17/10/2012, the European Commission … Continue reading

The tsunami in Japan, three years after

Three years after a tsunami hit the north-eastern coast of Japan, reconstruction is well behind schedule, while the nuclear accident in Fukushima remains a source of concern and reflexion and no one has been indicted for the consequences of the disaster. A triple disaster On 11 March 2011, the north-eastern coast of Japan was hit … Continue reading

Graphics on Energy

Here you’ll find graphs, charts, tables and maps with statistics on energy. To see graphics for other policy areas, go to the Graphics Warehouse. Graphics on Energy

EU 2030 climate and energy framework

The Commission adopted the Green paper “A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies” (procedure file in the EP Legislative Observatory) in March 2013. The key objectives are “reducing greenhouse gas emission, securing energy supply and supporting growth, competitiveness and jobs through a high technology, cost efficient approach”. It takes into account the longer-term perspectives to 2050 … Continue reading

Alternative transport fuels: infrastructure needed

The development of alternative fuels for transport is a necessity to reduce the EU’s dependence on imports of crude oil, as well as to decarbonise transport and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Significant innovation and technological progress have been made in new forms of fuels, to power different transport modes and using combustion or electric engines. … Continue reading

What’s happening on energy in the EU?

The aims of the EU energy policy are set in article 194 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. They include reducing energy consumption, implementing the internal energy market, developing new and renewable forms of energy, promoting the interconnection of energy networks, improving technology, protecting consumers and reinforcing the external dimension. The … Continue reading

Geopolitical and financial consequences of the shale revolution: Europe, Russia and Asia

Global gas demand As an effect of the ongoing financial and economic crisis, global gas demand (p.1) has decreased in the past years. At the same time, unconventional gas production, mainly in the US, has, together with an increased global capacity in liquefied natural gas (LNG) altered the supply side. These developments have an impact … Continue reading

Brazil’s Belo Monte Dam project: Financial impact, indigenous peoples’ rights & the environment

Projet de barrage de Belo Monte, Brésil. Impact financier, droits des peuples autochtones & environnement Brazil is constructing the third largest hydroelectric power plant in the world. The Belo Monte Dam is being built in the state of Pará, Brazil. Its first commercial generation is expected to come on stream in 2015. When the full … Continue reading

Belo Monte Dam project: an outline

The Belo Monte Dam is a hydroelectric dam under construction in the state of Pará, Brazil. Upon completion, with a generating capacity of 11 233 Megawatts, it will be the third largest hydroelectric power plant in the world. The project faces widespread criticism on economic, environmental and social reasons. Commercial generation is expected to begin in … Continue reading

Blue growth

In September 2012, the European Commission (EC) adopted a Communication on blue growth which aims to develop the potential of the EU’s seas, oceans and coasts to create employment and promote innovation and sustainable growth. A wide variety of marine and maritime economic activities fall within the sphere of this initiative, with five specific sectors … Continue reading

EU Steelday sets out needs for European steel sector, Brussels, May 16th, 2013

Three voices were heard at the high level conference on 16 May, entitled “Securing the industrial future with steel in Europe“: The Industry The industry, which stressed that, compared with its competitors, the EU steel industry is facing specific difficulties due to policies that are weakening it: the price of energy is higher in the … Continue reading

Rare earth elements and recycling possibilities

Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of 17 metallic elements mined in ores containing low quantities of REEs. They have particular properties essential to many industries. REEs are key components of clean energy and high-tech growth industries, and are therefore considered a critical raw material. REEs are imported into the European Union (EU) from … Continue reading

Solar energy development in Morocco

L’essor de l’énergie solaire au Maroc The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has experienced a steep increase in energy demand in the past decade, prompted by economic and population growth, and improved living standards. However, the trend is not sustainable in the long term, in particular for net energy-importing countries such as Morocco. … Continue reading

Spatial planning for the ‘blue economy’: Maritime spatial planning and integrated coastal management

The increasing use of seas and coasts for economic activities, the ‘blue economy,’ leads to growing and competing demands for maritime space. Allocation of space at sea helps to avoid conflicts between different uses (e.g. wind and wave energy, fishing, oil and gas exploitation, cables and pipelines, shipping, tourism, defence, environmental protection), which also often … Continue reading

Hard times for carbon capture and storage

CO2 emissions are growing Global CO2 emissions continue to grow (34 billion tonnes in 2011), despite all reduction efforts. This trend is expected to continue, with more than 1000 new coal-fired power plants planned worldwide. Although coal releases 60% more CO2 than natural gas, the low prices of coal and of carbon emission allowances make … Continue reading

IMF: energy subsidies are not the right answer!

A new IMF paper urges governments the world over to reform subsidies affecting products ranging from coal to gasoline. Energy subsidies in 2011 amounted to $1.9 trillion, the equivalent of about 2½ percent of world GDP, or 8 percent of all government revenues. What are energy subsidies? Energy subsidies are made up of both producer … Continue reading

Gas disputes in the eastern Mediterranean

Discoveries of gas reserves in the eastern Mediterranean have brought both opportunities and challenges to the entire region. Although political uncertainty has clouded the whole picture, energy is emerging as the dominant issue for the future of the region. Mutually agreed criteria for the exploitation of these gas resources would foster stability in the region … Continue reading

Mining in the EU: Regulation and the way forward

The EU mining industry may be part of the solution to Europe’s raw material shortage, but sustainability of mining is a key requirement if it is to be revived. Mining and quarrying activities vary widely in profitability, employment and geographical distribution. In addition to general industrial regulation, the EU has adopted some legislation specific to … Continue reading

Raw materials for Europe

The European Commission (EC) has highlighted Europe’s dependence on imports of many raw materials, and that reliable supplies of these are critical to its competitiveness. Global trends show that competition for raw materials will increase in the future and that price levels are unpredictable.   The Commission has responded to these challenges with the Raw Materials … Continue reading

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