This tag is associated with 75 posts

Mining in the EU: Regulation and the way forward

The EU mining industry may be part of the solution to Europe’s raw material shortage, but sustainability of mining is a key requirement if it is to be revived. Mining and quarrying activities vary widely in profitability, employment and geographical distribution. In addition to general industrial regulation, the EU has adopted some legislation specific to … Continue reading

Raw materials for Europe

The European Commission (EC) has highlighted Europe’s dependence on imports of many raw materials, and that reliable supplies of these are critical to its competitiveness. Global trends show that competition for raw materials will increase in the future and that price levels are unpredictable.   The Commission has responded to these challenges with the Raw Materials … Continue reading

Escalating EU-China trade row over solar panels

6 language versions available in pdf Solar-Handelsstreit zwischen der EU und China eskaliert Disputa comercial en aumento entre la UE y China sobre las placas solares Panneaux solaires: intensification du litige commercial entre l’UE et la Chine L’inasprimento della controversia commerciale sui pannelli fotovoltaici tra l’UE e la Cina Eskalacja konfliktu pomiędzy UE a Chinami … Continue reading

Shale gas in Europe: prospects and risks

6 language versions available in pdf format Schiefergas in Europa: Möglichkeiten und Risiken El gas de esquisto en Europa: perspectivas y riesgos Gaz de schiste en Europe: risques et perspectives Il gas di scisto in Europa: le prospettive e i rischi Gaz łupkowy w Europie. Perspektywy i zagrożenia Shale gas in Europe: prospects and risks … Continue reading

Visualising energy in everyday items

What is the relation between a beverage can, a bag of fries, 250 batteries and four hours of cycling? Find out in our infographic about energy in everyday items.                                         See the pdf version of our … Continue reading

La lutte contre la précarité énergétique dans l’UE

Les personnes en situation de précarité énergétique sont confrontées à des difficultés pour satisfaire leurs besoins élémentaires en énergie domestique, du fait de revenus insuffisants, de prix élevés de l’énergie et de logements de faible qualité énergétique. Cette dimension particulière des difficultés sociales des foyers n’est pas reconnue partout. La définition et les indicateurs de … Continue reading

Les aides d’État applicables aux SIEG: Le cas du logement social soutenu par les Fonds structurels

Lestraités reconnaissent la place des services d’intérêt économique général (SIEG) parmi les valeurs communes de l’Union européenne. Cependant, afin que certains SIEG puissent accomplir leurs missions, un soutien financier public peut s’avérer nécessaire. Pour éviter que les fournisseurs de SIEG ne soient surcompensés par les pouvoirs publics, le traité oblige les États membres à informer … Continue reading

Implementing energy market reforms

Late transposition of a 2009 legislative package is delaying completion of the EU’s internal energy market. Member States (MS) face conflicting interests and high costs in implementing the legislation, which aims to break up energy monopolies. Ongoing liberalisation efforts The first phases of liberalisation of the EU internal energy market took place between 1996 and … Continue reading

Completion of the EU internal energy market

Updated on 21 November 2012 In order to liberalise the EU internal energy market, three legislative packages were adopted from 1996 to 2009. As a consequence, new gas and electricity suppliers can enter markets across the EU while consumers are free to choose their energy supplier. The ‘third energy package‘ (directives 2009/72 (electricity) and 2009/73 (gas)) … Continue reading

EU Renewable Energy Strategy

 The use of renewable energy has many potential benefits, including contributing to CO2 emissions reduction and decreasing dependency on fossil fuels and energy imports. The Renewable Energy Directive, adopted in 2009, sets binding targets to achieve a 20% share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2020. To reach this target, every EU … Continue reading

EU Energy Roadmap 2050

The Energy Roadmap 2050, published on the 15 December 2011, goes beyond the 2020 goals set out in the Energy 2020 communication and provides an analysis of the long term energy policy orientations. The Energy roadmap follows on the Roadmap for moving to a low-carbon economy in 2050, which is part of the EU2020 Resource … Continue reading

Industrial and energy aspects of shale gas extraction

The 2050 Energy Roadmap, published by the Commission in December 2011, recognises shale gas as an energy source that could potentially lessen the EU’s import dependence and play an important part in the EU’s energy mix in the future.  However, there is continuing uncertainty about the future role of unconventional gas resources, in particular shale … Continue reading

Prospects for the EU Emissions Trading System

The current price of carbon emissions in the EU is too low to encourage investment in low-carbon infrastructure. The reasons for the price drop are an oversupply of emission allowances and weakened demand due to the economic crisis and complementary emissions-reducing policies. Several proposals have been made to bring the carbon price back to levels … Continue reading

Politique énergétique européenne: Les enjeux fondamentaux

L’énergie constitue l’un des plus grands enjeux auxquels l’Union européenne est confrontée. Les nombreux défis à relever concernent l’amélioration de l’efficacité énergétique, le développement d’énergies renouvelables dans une perspective de développement durable, la réalisation effective du marché intérieur de l’énergie pour offrir un choix réel aux consommateurs à des prix équitables et concurrentiels, doté d’infrastructures … Continue reading

EU Competitiveness and Innovation Programme

The Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) seeks to help European enterprises, especially small and medium-sized ones (SMEs), to become more competitive and innovative. It does so by improving access to finance and support services at regional level, and by encouraging better use of information and communi­cations technologies (ICT). In addition, CIP fosters energy efficiency … Continue reading

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