Members' Research Service By / February 2, 2022

Aviation’s contribution to European Union climate action: Revision of EU ETS as regards aviation [EU Legislation in Progress][Policy Podcast]

On 14 July 2021, the Commission adopted the ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package, which entails adjustments to a wide range of EU climate and energy legislation.

@ Frank Wagner / Adobe Stock.

Written by Liselotte Jensen (5th edition, updated on 28.06.2023).

As part of the ‘fit for 55’ package, the Commission proposed a revision to the EU’s emissions trading system (ETS) as regards carbon dioxide emissions from aviation. The proposal sought to ensure that the sector contributes to the EU’s climate targets through increased auctioning of allowances, with an end to free allowances from 2027, and by applying the linear reduction of aviation allowances. The proposal would also integrate, into the revised ETS, the International Civil Aviation Organization’s agreed global market-based Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) and apply it to international flights departing from or arriving at an airport inside the European Economic Area (EEA). For domestic flights in the Member States or flights within the EEA, the ETS would continue to apply. In the European Parliament, the file was referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI), with Sunčana Glavak (EPP, Croatia) appointed rapporteur. Following adoption of Parliament and Council’s respective positions in June 2022, a provisional agreement was reached in December 2022. Parliament adopted the text on 18 April and the Council on 25 April 2023. The directive entered into force on 5 June 2023, and Member States have until 31 December to transpose it into national law.


Proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2003/87/EC as regards aviation’s contribution to the Union’s economy-wide emission reduction target and appropriately implementing a global market-based measure
Committee responsible:Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI)COM(2021) 552
Rapporteur:Sunčana Glavak (EPP, Croatia)2021/0207 (COD)
Shadow rapporteurs:Milan Brglez (S&D, Slovenia)
Claudia Gamon (Renew, Austria)
Bas Eickhout (Greens/EFA, the Netherlands)
Anna Zalewska (ECR, Poland)
Silvia Modig (The Left, Finland)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD)
(Parliament and Council
on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Directive (EU) 2023/958
OJ L 130, 16.5.2023, pp. 115–133

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