Members' Research Service By / February 4, 2022

Revision of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive: Fit for 55 package [EU Legislation in Progress]

On 15 December 2021, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal to revise and recast the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), as part of a broader overhaul of EU climate and energy legislation referred to as the ‘Fit for 55’ package.

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Written by Monika Dulian (2nd edition, updated on 12.09.2023).

On 15 December 2021, the European Commission adopted a major revision (recast) of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), as part of the ‘fit for 55’ package. This package is a core part of the European Green Deal, which aims to set the EU firmly on the path towards net zero GHG emissions (climate neutrality) by 2050.

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The recast EPBD aims to accelerate building renovation rates, reduce GHG emissions and energy consumption, and promote the uptake of renewable energy in buildings. It would introduce a new EU definition of a ‘zero emissions building’, applicable to all new buildings from 2027, and to all renovated buildings from 2030. The recast EPBD would accelerate energy-efficient renovations in the worst performing 15 % of EU buildings, and would set minimum energy performance standards. In due course, every building would need to achieve at least a Class E on a revised A-G scale of energy performance certificates (EPCs).

The file was referred to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), which appointed Ciarán Cuffe (Greens/EFA, Ireland) as its rapporteur. The Parliament adopted its position, based on the ITRE committee’s report, in plenary on 14 March 2023. The Council had agreed on its general approach (negotiating position) on 25 October 2022. The Parliament and the Council are currently proceeding with interinstitutional negotiations.


Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the energy performance of buildings (recast)
Committee responsible:Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE)COM(2021) 802 final
Rapporteur:Ciarán Cuffe (Greens/EFA, Ireland)2021/0426(COD)
Shadow rapporteurs:Seán Kelly (EPP, Ireland)
Tsvetelina Penkova (S&D, Bulgaria)
Morten Petersen (Renew, Denmark)
Ladislav Ilčić (ECR, Croatia)
Isabella Tovaglieri (ID, Italy)
Marisa Matias (The Left, Portugal)
Ordinary legislative
procedure (COD)
(Parliament and Council
on equal footing – formerly
Next steps expected: Continuing trilogue negotiations
Stage: Trilogue

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