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finance

This tag is associated with 11 posts

Common corporate tax base (CCTB) [EU Legislation in Progress]

The European Commission has decided to re-launch the common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB) project in a two-step approach, with the publication of two new interconnected proposals on a common corporate tax base (CCTB) and a common consolidated corporate tax base (CCCTB). Continue reading

How blockchain technology could change our lives

Written by Philip Boucher, At their simplest, blockchains can be described as lists of all transactions that have ever been executed in a specific domain. They are organised into ‘blocks’, connected in linear, chronological ‘chains’, and – unlike traditional records of transactions – public, and decentralised. This means that, instead of having a central ‘middleman’ … Continue reading

Capital Markets Union [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, Since the 2008 financial crunch and the ensuing recession, the European Union has been overhauling its regulation of financial markets to try to avoid any repetition of the crisis and to shore up economic growth. The current European Commission has prioritised the creation of Capital Markets Union, which would encourage companies … Continue reading

EFSI and ESI Funds: Complementarity or contradiction?

Written by Vasilis Margaras, Shortly after beginning its 2014-2019 mandate, the European Commission proposed a new investment Plan for Europe, often referred to as the ‘Juncker Plan’. The Investment Plan was seen as a top priority for the European Commission, aimed at strengthening Europe’s competitiveness and stimulating investment in order to create more jobs. It … Continue reading

Low and negative interest rates: Overview of policy aims and possible effects

Negative rates were introduced by Europe’s central banks for the first time in 2014. Two years later, they still regularly fill newspaper columns and fuel debates. Presented by the central banks as a solution to the current growth problems, they are vilified by the financial sector as being unsustainable and by some Member States as ‘expropriating’ savers and pensioners and stirring social tension. This overview introduces interest rates, discusses the possible causes behind their trends and presents the main arguments in the current debate. Continue reading

Crowdfunding in the European Union

Through several parliamentary questions and its own initiative report on Reindustrialising Europe, the European Parliament has repeatedly urged the European Commission to take action in relation to the growing use of crowdfunding in the EU. The European Commission, after consultation with stakeholders, published the 27 of March 2014 the Communication on unleashing the potential of … Continue reading

Legislative package on shadow banking

In its 2012 own initiative report the European Parliament endorsed the following definition of shadow banking: “a system of intermediaries, instruments, entities or financial contracts generating a combination of bank-like functions but outside the regulatory perimeter or under a regulatory regime which is either light or addresses issues other than systemic risks, and without guaranteed … Continue reading

Cosme: boosting economic recovery by supporting small and medium sized enterprises

Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) are identified to be key players in economic recovery. They are significant drivers in achieving the targets for growth and jobs set in the EU2020 strategy. However, without sufficient support in different stages of their life-cycle SMEs face challenges particularly in the fields of competitiveness and financing. COSME – … Continue reading

Europe 2020 Project Bonds Initiative: enhancing European networks, boosting competitiveness

EU 2020 project bonds aim to encourage financing of large European infrastructure projects in the fields of transport, energy and communication technologies. The current economic crises create a particularly challenging environment for financing of such long-term large-scale projects. EU 2020 project bonds have a twofold target. They are designed to mobilise investment by lowering risk … Continue reading

Effects of budgetary constraints for regional and local authorities regarding the EU’s Structural Funds expenditure in the Member States

The economic and sovereign debt crisis has had a great impact on local finances, discouraging investments and compromising the future economic growth of the regions as it is emphasized in a study committed by the Committee of the Regions (CoR). Moreover, the surge of public expenditure led to a fiscal crisis, which exposed the regulatory … Continue reading

Innovative financial instruments for EU policies

Unlike pure grants, innovative financial instruments (IFIs) are EU budget tools that trigger equity or debt funding, for example in the form of investments in share capital, loans or guarantees. Financial institutions and intermediaries are often involved in their implementation on behalf of the European Commission (EC). IFIs are not deemed to fit all kinds … Continue reading

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