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Ionel Zamfir

This tag is associated with 34 posts

The future of multilateralism: Crisis or opportunity?

Written by Elena Lazarou, Multilateralism lies at the core of the EU’s identity and of its engagement with the world. Both the 2003 European Security Strategy and the 2016 Global Strategy emphasised the importance of a rules-based global order with multilateralism as its key principle and the United Nations (UN) at its core, and made … Continue reading

Fighting trade in tools for torture and executions [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Ionel Zamfir (3rd edition), The EU is committed to fighting torture and use of the death penalty throughout the world. Both phenomena continue to afflict a significant number of countries, and trade in torture tools is booming. One of the most important measures taken by the EU has been its 2005 Regulation imposing … Continue reading

Human rights in EU trade policy [Plenary Podcast]

Written by Ionel Zamfir, Protection of human rights is one of the EU’s overarching objectives in its external action, in line with the Treaty on European Union. One of the EU’s main tools to promote human rights in third countries is the generalised system of preferences (GSP), granting certain developing countries preferential trade access to … Continue reading

Refugee and asylum policy in Australia: Between resettlement and deterrence

Written by Ionel Zamfir , Australia has established a refugee policy which has proved highly effective in deterring irregular migrants, but has attracted much criticism from human rights organisations. Its main drivers have been mandatory detention and offshore processing of irregular asylum-seekers arriving by boat. Since it was enacted, drownings at sea no longer occur … Continue reading

Asylum policy in the USA

Written by Ionel Zamfir To date, the United States has been a world leader in admitting people fleeing conflicts and persecution to settle on its territory. However, the nation wants to choose who it admits as a refugee. While refugees resettled by the US government enjoy generous support, asylum-seekers coming to the country on their … Continue reading

Nigeria: democratic and economic progress among growing challenges

Written by Ionel Zamfir, Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, its largest economy and a major regional actor, is continuing its democratic progress started in 1999. But numerous security threats and social problems, combined with an unfavourable economic context, are putting this young, dynamic and highly diverse nation under increasing pressure. The Spring 2015 elections followed … Continue reading

Asylum policy in Canada

Written by Ionel Zamfir Traditionally, Canada has been a leading nation in accepting refugees through the UN. It has a comprehensive programme for resettling refugees, which assigns an important role to private sponsors. However, a number of legislative changes in recent years, aiming at deterring ‘irregular arrivals’ of asylum-seekers, have raised concerns about human rights … Continue reading

Africa’s economic growth: Taking off or slowing down?

Written by Ionel Zamfir Over the past 15 years, most countries in Africa experienced sustained economic growth, with growth rates often exceeding 5% per year. This has inspired much optimism about the region’s prospects to finally leave poverty and under-development behind. However, the general economic context is now turning less favourable, with growth slowing down, … Continue reading

Standing up for human rights defenders around the world: What is the EU doing?

Written by Ionel Zamfir, Support for human rights defenders (HRDs) is a long established component, as well as one of the major priorities, of the EU’s external human rights policy. With the adoption in 2004 of EU Guidelines on HRDs, the EU has established a set of concrete measures for protecting HRDs at risk, including … Continue reading

Refugee status under international law

Written by Ionel Zamfir Over the past few years, the number of migrants requesting international protection has increased exponentially. The Geneva Convention on refugees and its subsequent Protocol entitle refugees to international protection, most importantly to the right not to be returned to their home countries. However, they define refugees in a restrictive manner, thus … Continue reading

Asylum policy in Australia: Between resettlement and deterrence

Written by Ionel Zamfir Australia has established an asylum policy which has proved highly effective in deterring irregular migrants, but has attracted much criticism from human rights organisations. Its main drivers have been mandatory detention and offshore processing of asylum-seekers. Political context Over a period of 20 years, Australia has put into practice various policies … Continue reading

The 2015 Sakharov Prize

Written by Ionel Zamfir Established in 1988 by the European Parliament, the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought is awarded each year in December to individuals or organisations for their outstanding achievements in upholding human rights and fundamental freedoms. Significance and award procedure The promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms is a top priority … Continue reading

EU Commissioners meet their African counterparts

Written by Ionel Zamfir On 22 April 2015, the Colleges of the African Union Commission and the European Commission will come together in Brussels for their seventh annual meeting. Such meetings are held regularly, on an alternating basis in Brussels and Addis Ababa, to provide political assistance to the Africa-EU Partnership. The African Union Commission … Continue reading

African-led counter-terrorism measures against Boko Haram

Written by Ionel Zamfir The latest developments resulting from the terrorist actions of Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region have led the African Union’s Peace and Security Council to adopt a formal framework to make the multinational joint task force operational. It is expected that the UN Security Council will also back this initiative. … Continue reading

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