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This tag is associated with 248 posts

Blue economy in Africa: initiatives, prospects and issues

Written by Eric Pichon and Anne Vernet, Harnessing the oceans’ resources in a sustainable manner is the ‘new frontier of the African renaissance’ according to the African Union (AU). This ‘blue growth’ will only be achieved if ocean’s health and security at sea are won back. The AU has designed an ambitious maritime strategy, but … Continue reading

The New European Consensus on Development

Written by Marta Latek and Anne Vernet, On 12 May 2016, the Foreign Affairs Council decided to formally launch the review of EU development policy mainly to adapt and update the EU’s development policy to reflect the universally applicable and broad in scope, new UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), but also to reinforce aspects such … Continue reading

Gender pay gap

Written by Cristina Cardarelli and Ulla Jurviste, Despite consistent efforts over decades across Europe, according to recent studies today women are still paid on average 16% less than men per hour of work. The gender pay gap (GPG) is the difference between men’s and women’s pay, expressed as a percentage of male earnings. It is … Continue reading

Reactions to President Trump’s executive order on the entry ban

Written by Jan Bäverström, The new US administration’s ban on entry of citizens from seven North-East African and Middle East states has met with concern among both US and European politicians. Some European leaders have openly criticised the President’s executive order. On 30 January Washington State Attorney General Ferguson sought to halt the Executive Order. … Continue reading

Comments on new US trade policy

Written by Jan Bäverström, This is a collection of comments from think tanks and newspapers on the possible effects of a new US trade policy. There are also comments on the new US Trade Representative as well as links to the White House foreign policy pages and to the nomination hearings in the US Senate. White House The … Continue reading

Work-life balance in the EU

Written by Ulla Jurviste and Rosamund Shreeves, Finding a suitable balance between work and daily life is a challenge that all workers face. Families are particularly affected. The ability to successfully combine work, family commitments and personal life is important for the well-being of all members in a household. The EU recognises the importance of reconciliation … Continue reading

European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility

Written by Balazs Hopp, In 2014 the EU agreed to a clear commitment : to collectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels across all sectors of the economy. As transport is responsible for 33% of final energy consumption and 23% of total EU emissions, the transition to low-emission … Continue reading

Effort Sharing Regulation

Written by Dessislava Yougova, The European Union aims to reduce at least 40% of its greenhouse gases emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The main instruments to achieve this target are the EU ETS and the effort sharing exercise that covers the non-ETS sectors, mainly transport, buildings, waste and agriculture. On 20 July 2016 … Continue reading

Rural areas and poverty

Written by Ana Martinez Juan, A definition… When it comes to poverty, one of the key issues is defining what it means and how it can be measured. Two types of poverty are generally categorised: absolute or extreme poverty, that identifies the number of people below a fixed real poverty threshold (euros/person/day) and relative poverty, … Continue reading

Comments on future US Foreign and Trade Policies

Written by Jan Bäverström, This is an overview of initial remarks on transatlantic relations, US-Asia (TPP) and US-Mexico relations following the US elections. It also includes EU leaders’ first reactions to the outcome of the 2016 US presidential elections. US comments on US Foreign and Trade policies Will Foreign Aid get cut on Trump’s chopping … Continue reading

Iraq: towards an independent Kurdistan?

Written by Eric Pichon, [last update December 2016] Consult also our Briefing: Regional implications of Iraqi Kurdistan’s quest for independence (6 December 2016) On 3 July 2014, the President of the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in Iraq asked the regional parliament to prepare a referendum on independence. The KRG is in a strong position to … Continue reading

Freedom of panorama

Updated on 09 August 2016. Written by Helmut Masson and Sarah Watson, Creative works, including buildings, sculptures or street art are, as a matter of principle, subject to copyright protection under EU law. However, Article 5(2)(h) of the 2001 Copyright Directive states that Member States may limit copyright for the use of such works located … Continue reading

Microplastic pollution

Written by Dessislava Yougova, Microplastics, items smaller than 5mm in diameter, are widespread in the marine environment. They enter directly as fragments from a variety of sources (cosmetics, clothing, industrial processes) or indirectly as a result of the disintegration of larger plastic pieces. Microplastics are of environmental concern because their size renders them accessible to a wide range of … Continue reading

EU security strategy in the Sahel

Written by Eric Pichon, [last update : 17 June 2016] The Sahel, a band of desert stretching across Africa – from Senegal in the West to Eritrea in the East, is a crisis-shaken region where frontiers blur. Poverty and the fragility of state infrastructures have given free rein to parallel powers, militias, arms-runners and drug dealers. Added … Continue reading

Marine Fisheries-related Tourism in the EU

Written by Isabelle Gautier, Tourism activities can offer fishermen a good way to diversify their activities. It can be done outside or along with the fisheries seasons all through the year as a potential means of earning additional income. This economic aspect was taken into consideration in the European Fisheries Fund (EFF) which was used … Continue reading

Cohesion Policy support for migrants and refugees

Written by Sorina Silvia Ionescu, Migration-related issues are primarily within the competence of the Member States but the EU can support Member States, local authorities and civil society organisations in dealing with many of the associated challenges. In the European Commission Communication on a ‘European Agenda for Migration’, Cohesion Policy is highlighted as an important funding source … Continue reading

Reactions to the EU-US Privacy Shield, the successor to the Safe Harbour agreement

Written by Jan Baeverstroem, On 2 February 2016 the College of Commissioners approved the political agreement on the ‘The EU-US Privacy Shield’ , which was followed on 29 February 2016 by a draft “adequacy decision ” and the communication ‘Transatlantic Data Flows: Restoring Trust through Strong Safeguards ‘. The Commission has also made the US Government’s written commitments … Continue reading

Being a LGBTI person in African countries

Written by Eric Pichon, Anne Vernet,  More than 4 African countries out of 5 of have laws criminalizing homosexuality, or even punishing LGBTI* rights advocacy. Only in 2014 tougher laws were passed in Nigeria, Gambia and Uganda. As recent developments in Europe show, having non-discriminative laws doesn’t prevent homophobic feeling; but when this feeling is … Continue reading

Wildlife trafficking in Africa: Endangered security

Written by Eric Pichon. [last update 5 April 2016] Illegal exploitation of natural resources, hunting of protected wild animals and trade of the proceeds of these crimes are a serious threat for Africa. As an environmental problem, it hinders the survival of endangered species, and the balance of flora and fauna in the concerned areas. … Continue reading

Language learning and teaching

Written by Diana Taicaite-Smerauskiene, The European Commission is very keen to promote language learning and linguistic diversity across Europe so as to improve basic language skills. It is working with national governments to meet an ambitious goal: enabling citizens to communicate in 2 languages other than their mother tongue . This ” Barcelona objective ” was agreed in 2002 by … Continue reading

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved