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This tag is associated with 248 posts

Language learning and teaching

Written by Diana Taicaite-Smerauskiene, The European Commission is very keen to promote language learning and linguistic diversity across Europe so as to improve basic language skills. It is working with national governments to meet an ambitious goal: enabling citizens to communicate in 2 languages other than their mother tongue . This ” Barcelona objective ” was agreed in 2002 by … Continue reading

Child-friendly justice in the EU

Written by Anna Dimitrova-Stull, Ulla Jurviste and Irene Penas Dendariena, Every year hundreds of thousands of children across the EU are involved in judicial proceedings. They may enter into contact with justice systems in many different ways: for family issues such as divorce or adoption, in administrative justice for immigration or nationality matters or in … Continue reading

Women and domestic work in the EU

Written by Ulla Jurviste and Irene Penas Dendariena, Domestic work , as defined in the ILO Convention (2011), is work performed in or for a household or households;  domestic worker – a person engaged in domestic work within an employment relationship. A person who performs domestic work only occasionally or sporadically and not on an occupational basis … Continue reading

Circular economy: the second round

Written by Dessislava Yougova, This dossier is an update to the previous version published in June 2014, in the context of the first Commission proposal on the circular economy. The aim is to provide a selection of recent and relevant studies on the topic. On 2 December 2015, the European Commission presented a new circular economy … Continue reading

EU industrial policy

Written by  Dessislava Yougova, One of the main challenges for the EU economy to stimulate economic growth is to kick-start the ‘industrial renaissance’ of Europe. In the current international context urgent action is needed to enhance industrial competitiveness; to promote innovation and sustainability as well as corporate social responsibility; to support the internationalisation of EU businesses; … Continue reading

Unaccompanied migrant children in the EU

Written by Anna Dimitrova-Stull, Irene Penas Dendariena and Ulla Jurviste, In the context of migration to the European Union (EU), an unaccompanied minor, as defined by Directive 2011/95/UE , refers to a minor who arrives on the territory of an EU Member State unaccompanied by an adult responsible or who is left unaccompanied after he … Continue reading

Postal services in the digital age

Written by Balazs Hopp The EU postal sector has undergone significant changes in the past several years. Today, postal service providers are confronted with the growth in e-commerce: new technologies make shopping online more convenient and therefore increase the number of packages and parcels conveyed by postal operators. While parcel deliveries are increasing, letter volumes … Continue reading

The Netherlands Presidency of the Council of the EU

Written by Vilma Karvelyte and Ingeborg Odink Every 6 months on a rotating schedule , one European Union (EU) Member State leads the work of the Council of the EU. From 1 January 2016, the Netherlands will take over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union from Luxembourg and will hold it until … Continue reading

Energy poverty in the EU

Written by Dessislava Yougova Two important studies on energy poverty in the EU were published in 2015 (see below), testifying to the importance of the problem on a European scale. According to the European Commission, around 11% of the EU population may experience energy poverty (see press release ). Energy poverty means that households cannot heat their … Continue reading

Russia: manipulation of information and the EU’s response

Written by Ilze Eglite Russia’s annexation of Crimea and support for separatists in eastern Ukraine has unleashed a major disinformation campaign in the Russian news media. Manipulation of information against Ukraine was identified by some analysts as part of Russia’s wider ‘information warfare’ against the West. Russia is investing heavily in media outlets that are targeting foreign … Continue reading

Trafficking in Women

Written by Anja Radjenovic Trafficking in persons for the purpose of any form of exploitation is a serious crime and a violation of human rights. According to the UNOCD Report on Trafficking in Persons women and girls account for 70 per cent of detected trafficking victims worldwide. This is due to the fact that the … Continue reading

Russian measures against European Union agricultural products: one year on

Written by Ana Martinez Juan The legal basis for the European Union (EU) relations with the Russian Federation is the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement , which came into force on 1 December 1997 and regulates the political and economic relations between the two parties. In this context, and regarding trade exchanges, Russia is the third … Continue reading

Occupational health and safety at work: the EU strategies

Written by Veronika Kunz and Valerie Hoogewys Important steps to improve Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) have been taken by the European Union since the 1980s. Building on this, a Community strategy 2007-2012 on health and safety at work (OSH Strategy 2007-2012) was put in place. In 2013, an evaluation of this strategy was undertaken. … Continue reading

Are we ready for the 2015 Conference in Paris? – EU and Member States preparedness for COP21

Written by Dessislava Yougova The 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will take place in Paris from 30 November to 11 December 2015. The objective is to reach a new international agreement on the climate, ‘a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome … Continue reading

EU Biodiversity strategy to 2020: mid-term assessment

Written by Dessislava Yougova In 2011, the EU adopted a Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 aiming ‘to halt the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020 and to restore them as far as feasible, while stepping up the EU contribution to averting global biodiversity loss’ . The strategy has … Continue reading

2015 International Year of Soils

Written by Astrid Klaver, Ana Martínez Juan and Maria Kollarova The United Nations has declared 2015 the International Year of Soils . Its aim is to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of soil for food security and ecosystem functions. The organisation is in the hands of the Global Soil Partnership , a partnership … Continue reading

République centrafricaine : situation avant les élections de 2015

par Eric Pichon [mis à jour le 21/12/2015] Sous l’égide internationale, la RCA tente de revenir à une normalité institutionnelle par la mise en place d’une nouvelle Constitution et l’organisation d’élections législatives et présidentielle. La Constitution de la RCA est suspendue depuis le renversement  du président François Bozizé, le 24 mars 2013, et la prise … Continue reading

Towards a European road safety area

Written by Alessandra Di Tella Road transport is known to be the most dangerous of all transport modes and deaths and serious injuries from road traffic crashes represent a major societal challenge for EU. Road safety is a shared competence between the Union and the Member States, and the responsibility for a large bulk of … Continue reading

Promoting sport for health in the EU

Written by Anne Vernet The 2014 Eurobarometer survey on sport and physical activity highlighted persisting high (and slightly increasing) rates of physical inactivity in the EU, confirming the results of largely comparable surveys carried out in 2002 and 2009 (Rapid press release and memo 24/03/2014). Lack of physical activity, which the World Health Organisation (WHO) … Continue reading

Nuclear deal with Iran – what are the implications of the 14 July 2015 agreement?

Written by Eric Pichon On 14 July 2015, Iran and the group of negotiators known as ‘E3/EU + 3’ or ‘P5+1’* agreed on a “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action Regarding the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Nuclear Program”. According to the agreement, Iran will have to reduce the number of its centrifuges, to produce only low-enriched … Continue reading

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