A migrant is “any person who lives temporarily or permanently in a country where he or she was not born and has acquired some significant social ties to this country,” UNESCO.
This document focuses on migration within the EU, in the context of both EU citizens’ rights of free movement and residence, and of Member States’ diverse citizenship and labour migration laws. It looks into the topic with the intention of clarifying concepts and answering a number of questions: how many EU and non-EU citizens can be counted as migrants within the EU? How do migrants impact the national labour markets and what living conditions do they encounter in their new country of residence?
“Migration is the most complex component of population change. It provides an important network for the diffusion of ideas and information and indicates symptoms of social and economic change, and can be regarded as a human adjustment to economic, environmental and social problems,” according to Population Geography: a Reader.