With the current programming period 2014-2020 of the Cohesion Policy two new instruments have been introduced in order to achieve the territorial cohesion objective: Community-Led Local Development (CLLD) and Integrated Territorial Investments (ITI). They concern all the Funds covered by the Common Strategic Framework (European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund, European Agricultural Fund for Regional Development, European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and Cohesion Fund) which is included as an annex of the Common Provision Regulations.
The CSF seeks to improve coordination and secure the more targeted use of the European Structural and Investment Funds. It is expected to improve coordination by focussing national and regional authorities’ activities on a limited set of common objectives.
CLLD (Article 32-35 of the Common Provisions Regulation) is a specific tool for use at sub-regional level. It is based on the LEADER experience on community-led local development put in place from the early 90s, which had been an efficient instrument in the delivery of development policies. This tool is based on a bottom-up approach, aims to strengthen synergies between local actors, both public and private, and will match the particular needs of the local area.
ITI (Article 36 of the Common Provisions Regulation) will be a key element when implementing integrated territorial strategies as it allows bundling the funding from several priority axes of one or more operational Programmes. ITI can deliver actions in any geographical area with similar territorial features; including in cross-border areas in the context of European Territorial Cooperation. Nevertheless, the thematic investment priorities listed in the CSF apply.
Community-led local development: Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 / European Commission, DG REGIO, March 2014, 6 p.
Factsheet on the proposal of the European Commission regarding the CLLD single methodology to be implemented on the CSF Funds. Presents its aims and the implications of this new methodology.
Integrated Territorial Investment: Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 / European Commission, DG REGIO, March 2014, 5 p.
Factsheet on the proposal of the European Commission regarding the CLLD single methodology to be implemented on the CSF Funds. Presents its aims and the benefits of this instrument.
Guidance on Community-Led Local Development for Local Actors / DG Regio, May 2014, 110 p.
Guidance on community-led local development in European Structural and Investment Funds: guidance for Member States and Programme Authorities / European Commission, June 2014, 61 p.
Updates to take account of the finalized EMFF regulation
Draft Guidance Fiche for Desk Officers: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) /European Commission, January 2014, 13 p.
Seminar on community-led local development in the ESI funds 2014-2020 (06-02.2013) video and power point / DG REGIO. 6 hours, 47 minutes
Reinventing Europe through local initiative / Marjorie Jouen. Notre Europe, March 2014, 4 p.
European Union: monitoring and evaluating local development in the 2014-2020 Programming period / Katalin Kolosy – AEIDL. In: P3T, Journal of Public Policies and territories, n°4, 2013, pp.25-33.
This paper focuses on the evaluation of local development in an institutional context, with an attempt to grasp and reconcile the baseline features of 21st century local development with the aim to establish a common baseline approach for assessing Community Led Local Development (CLLD) during the 2014‐2020 programming period of the structural funds.
European Funding: Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) / Eleanor Murphy . Nothern Ireland Assembly, Briefing Paper 88, March 2013, 6 p.
Overview of ITIs and how develop them, as well as the prior considerations from the Nothern Ireland Assembly Committee on it.
Mapping Report Member States Views on the future implementation of Community Led Local Development. / ENRD, June 2013, 17 p.
This background document was compiled in June 2013 in preparation for the launch of the CLLD National Rural Networks Thematic Cluster, describing the state-of-play of CLLD implementation in Member States at the time. The report was updated in December 2013 based on a new survey and additional research.
Rurality and regional development: Unlocking our territories’ economic and social potential: political report / AER – Assembly of European Regions, May 2013, 24 p.
This report emphasis that the territorial approach to the future operational programmes for 2014-2020, based on community-led local development and Integrated Territorial Investments, must take into account the balance between urban and rural territories. To achieve this, there is a need for new more qualitative and more spatially restricted indicators, in order to better appreciate local potentials and requirements.
Le développement local au sein de l’UE / Ariane Debyser. Briefing, 25 Juin 2013, 6 p.
Depuis plus de vingt ans, l’Union européenne encourage le développement local. A cet effet, elle a élaboré un certain nombre d’outils à caractère plus ou moins expérimental pour intégrer le développement local, phénomène spontané au départ, dans le développement économique européen.
Integrated Territorial Investments: a powerful tool for innovation and change in European cities? / Paul Soto and Melody Houk, 18 July 2012, 11 p.
Implementing “community-led” local development in cities Lessons from URBACT / Paul Soto, Melody Houk and Peter Ramsden. URBACT, 29 February 2012, 10 p.
Cohesion policy support for local development: best practice and future policy options: final report / Marjorie Jouen, April 2010, 93 p.
Study commisioned by DG Regio in which was recommended that after 2013 every region in each Member State would include a dedicated local development axis within all regional development programmes.
EU Institutions’ views
Preliminary Draft Opinion on Community Led Local Development (CLLD) as a tool of Cohesion Policy 2014–2020 for local, rural, urban and peri-urban development (exploratory opinion at the request of the Greek Council presidency) / European Economic and Social Committee. Rapporteur: Roman Haken, 22 September 2014, 11 p.
Document to be discussed at the EESC meeting on 29 September.
Opinion on ‘Community-led Local Development’ / Commitee of the Regions. Official Journal C17 19.01.2013
Cohesion Policy: The use of Integrated Territorial Investments (ITI) by Member States / CEMR – Council of European Municipalities and Regions, June 2014, 12 p.
The purpose of this report is to identify the state of play of the use of the ITI by Member States and Managing Authorities (MA). 15 Member States out of 22 covered by this report might use the ITI as an instrument to address territorial challenges with an integrated approach and a strong thematic focus: Belgium (Flanders), Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany (Schleswig-Holstein and Baden-Württemberg only), Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and UK (England only). Around a hundred of ITI should be applied.
New Programmes For Integrated Territorial Developement: ITI and CLLD at a glance / Peter Radmusen, URBACT-The blog, 23 April 2014
Reinventing Europe through local initiative: Report on the AEIDL Conference 19-20 February 2014 / Michael Dower, European Association for Information on Local Development, February 2014, 9 p.
Cohesion Policy 2014-2020: Towards a new partnership and territorial approach / Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR), October 2013, 6 p.
CLLD challenges: the urban, the social and the dinosaurs… / Haris Martinos. The Local Development Network, October 2013
Debate on local development and the preparations for “CLLD” in the 2014-2020 period moved forward with two workshops that took place in the week of 7 October 2013 in Brussels.
Community-led local development: making it success / European Association for Information on Local Development (AEIDL), November 2012.
Common statement from a number of European civil society organisations; supporting the EC proposition for CLLD and encouraging that this initiative turned into a major strand of the Common Strategic Framework (CSF). Accessible in several languages.
The Role of the European Social Fund for Local Development in the Future Cohesion Policy / Council of European Municipalities and Regions, June 2011, 2 p.
Local Development approaches are used for implementing the ESF, the visibility of the Fund and its efficiency is clearly demonstrated vis-à-vis other delivery methods. In particular, it enables the ESF interventions to really respond to local and regional challenges.
Local development in cohesion policy: policy statement / Council of European Municipalities and Regions, April 2010, 10 p.
This contribution and the annexed summaries show that Local Development is already a reality in many Member States. They strongly support integrated development at the sub-regional level based on a ‘bottom-up’ methodology that is: strategic and multidimensional; based on local partnerships, and where networking and capacity building are important building blocks.
Community Led Local Development: an essential element in the delivery of the new European Structural Funds / European Funding Network, October 2012, 20 p.