Written by Suzana Elena Anghel, Izabela Cristina Bacian, Ralf Drachenberg and
Designed to be the first in a series of annual publications, this In-Depth Analysis by the European Council Oversight Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) examines in detail the activity of the European Council in 2015, in all of the six policy areas which have most attracted the attention of the Heads of State or Government: migration; economic governance; foreign and security policy; terrorism; and work towards a new settlement for the United Kingdom in the European Union.
Although the European Council’s principal mission is strategic, the institution mainly engaged in crisis management in 2015, due principally to the growing migration crisis. This led to an increase in the number of meetings. Eight meetings of the Heads of State or Government were held, two of which were of an informal nature. Except for one informal meeting, the European Council President, Donald Tusk, reported to the European Parliament on the outcome of the meetings of the Heads of State or Government as required by the Treaties.
EPRS aims to provide a detailed overview, both quantitative and qualitative, of the activity of the European Council in 2015. We consider the frequency of meetings, their nature – regular, extraordinary or informal – as well as the topics addressed by the Heads of State or Government. We also look at the European Parliament’s involvement in and views on the work of the European Council.
- Read the analysis in full: ‘The European Council in 2015‘