In 1998, Russia became a party to the European Convention on Human Rights and thereby to the European Court of Human Rights (the Court, ECtHR) in Strasbourg. Since then, the ECtHR has played an important role in the country. Russian Supreme Court judges receive training on the Convention, and courts often refer to ECtHR case law. Russian victims of human rights can appeal to the ECtHR. One in seven ECtHR cases are from Russia, proportionate to the country’s population; the Court has ruled against Russia in a significantly higher number of cases (94%) than the average for all countries in the Court’s jurisdiction (84%).