you're reading...
Institutional and Legal Affairs, PUBLICATIONS

Regulation of lobbying across the EU

Written by Kristina Grosek and Eulalia Claros,

The infographic illustrates in broad terms the differences between Member States’ approaches to regulating lobbying (legislation or soft-regulation), as well as the existence of codes of conduct for lobbyists (either provided for by legislation, or through self-regulation by lobbyists’ organisations), and registers of lobbyists (mandatory or voluntary).

Download this infographic on ‘Regulation of lobbying across the EU‘ in PDF.

National provisions

Regulating lobbying is a rather recent concept in the majority of Member States. Currently, only seven Member States (France, Ireland, Lithuania, Austria, Poland, Slovenia and the United Kingdom) have legislation on lobbying activities, as well as a mandatory register of lobbyists. Hungary’s earlier legislation on lobbying, and register were revoked in 2011. The most recent law has been adopted in France on 8 November 2016. Only codes of conduct provided for in law or by lobbyists’ organisations (self-regulation) are included in the table. In some countries (e.g. Denmark, Germany, Sweden, UK) there are ethical codes of public relations and consultancy agencies, but these are not included.
The remaining Member States – Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Portugal, Slovakia and Sweden – have no legislation, code of conduct or register of lobbyists.

National provisions

National provisions



  1. Pingback: Regulation of lobbying across the EU | EPRS Blog – Transparency Issues in the EU - August 17, 2017

  2. Pingback: Regulation of lobbying across the EU | - December 8, 2016

Leave a Reply

Download the EPRS App

EPRS App on Google Play
EPRS App on App Store
What Europe Does For You
EU Legislation in Progress
Topical Digests
EPRS Podcasts

Follow Blog via Email

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 3,548 other subscribers

RSS Link to Members’ Research Service

Disclaimer and Copyright statement

The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy.

For a comprehensive description of our cookie and data protection policies, please visit Terms and Conditions page.

Copyright © European Union, 2014-2019. All rights reserved.

%d bloggers like this: