‘Fake news’ – fabricated news stories with the deliberate aim of fooling readers – has become an increasingly visible global phenomenon. Viral ‘fake news’ received more engagement from Facebook users than real news in the final three months of the US presidential election campaign last year. A growing number of EU citizens (46 % on average in 2016) follow news on social media. Six out of ten news items shared on social media have not been read by the user who shares them. And recent US research has shown that most young, digital-savvy school and college students have difficulties identifying fake news. What can you do to spot and counter fake, lies and disinformation?