Currently, the bulk of revenue (around 78 % in 2016, see Figure 5) is provided by a GNI-based resource and a VAT-based resource, which Member States perceive as national contributions rather than EU own resources. According to a number of analysts and stakeholders, including the European Parliament, this contributes to a focus in budgetary negotiations on Member State net balances and programmes with geographically pre-allocated expenditure. In the current configuration of the system, permanent and/or temporary correction mechanisms reduce the contributions of the following Member States: Austria, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Annex 2 recapitulates national contributions by Member State and traditional own resources collected on behalf of the EU in 2016.
Currently, the bulk of revenue (around 78 % in 2016, see Figure 5) is provided by a GNI-based resource and…
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