The recent refugee and migration crises have revealed a series of deficiencies in the EU’s approaches and policies on asylum, borders and migration. It has become obvious that the CEAS could not cope with large inflows of asylum seekers (see Figure 1). The Dublin system, which was established in 2003 to help identify the EU Member State responsible for examining each specific asylum application, put an excessive burden on the EU countries of first entry, in particular on those countries in charge of the EU’s external borders. In order to fix the system and rebuild the common asylum policies on a fairer and more balanced basis, the Commission put forward a comprehensive package of legislative proposals. The European Parliament and the Council have reached a partial provisional agreement on four of the proposals making up the EU’s asylum system, while they continue negotiating on the remaining two.
Detections of illegal border crossings in the EU and migratory routes
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