The use of AI, with its specific characteristics (e.g. opacity, complexity, dependency on data, autonomous behaviour), can adversely affect a number of fundamental rights and users’ safety. To address those concerns, the draft AI act follows a risk-based approach whereby legal intervention is tailored to concrete level of risk. To that end, the draft AI act distinguishes between AI systems posing (i) unacceptable risk, (ii) high risk, (iii) limited risk, and (iv) low or minimal risk. Under this approach, AI applications would be regulated only as strictly necessary to address specific levels of risk.
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