This tag is associated with 57 posts

China and Europe [What Think Tanks are Thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski, China has recently taken centre-stage in many global debates, as the volatility of its stock market and currency have posed a question mark over the health of its economy, which has implications for international and European economic growth.  The growing importance of China was highlighted last year, for example, by its … Continue reading

Taiwan’s political landscape ahead of elections

Written by Gisela Grieger, Public opinion polls suggest that the 16 January presidential and legislative elections in Taiwan are likely to bring about a change in power. The ruling nationalist Kuomintang (KMT), which advocates stronger ties with mainland China is expected to lose the presidency, and possibly even its majority in the Legislative Yuan, Taiwan’s … Continue reading

EU-China relations [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski At their 17th summit in Brussels on 29 June, China and the European Union agreed to strengthen relations by seeking to boost mutual investment and increasing efforts to reach a global climate deal later this year. On his first visit to the EU institutions, Premier Li Keqiang also promised that China … Continue reading

Cyber diplomacy: EU dialogue with third countries

Written by Patryk Pawlak. Graphics by Christian Dietrich The current global debates about the role of governments in internet governance and the application of international law in cyberspace will have significant impact on the future of the internet. With a view to shaping their outcome, the EU is focusing on a number of priority areas: … Continue reading

EU-China Summit – building new connections

Written by Gisela Grieger Read more: The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, EPRS Briefing China’s leading role in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, EPRS Briefing The Chinese Communist Party (CCP): How to explain its longevity?, EPRS Briefing The role of the army in China’s politics, EPRS Briefing The EU-China Summit on 29 June 2015 marks the 40th anniversary … Continue reading

Separatism in China’s Xinjiang Province

Written by Gisela Grieger Against the backdrop of rising Islamist separatism in China’s Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) the Members’ Research Service hosted a Policy Hub looking at Xinjiang Province, on Monday 2 February 2015. The discussions centred on a comprehensive presentation by guest speaker Graham Hutchings, managing director of Oxford Analytica, aimed at putting the … Continue reading

China: Assimilating or radicalising Uighurs?

Written by Gisela Grieger The Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR), a restive province in China’s western periphery, is populated in almost equal proportions by Turkic-speaking Uighurs and Mandarin-speaking Han Chinese. The Uighurs, who are predominantly Muslim, call the region East Turkestan. Since October 2013, when China witnessed its first terrorist suicide car attack on Beijing’s … Continue reading

China: anti-trust probes targeting foreign firms

Written by Gisela Grieger Since 2013, China’s anti-trust regulators have drastically stepped up the enforcement of China’s competition law against foreign firms. Major EU and Japanese automobile companies have recently been heavily fined for alleged price-fixing and monopolistic conduct. Western media and business lobbies have claimed that Chinese anti-trust investigations have targeted foreign companies in … Continue reading

Hong Kong: one country, two systems?

Written by Gisela Grieger The on-going heated debate about the introduction of universal suffrage for the election of Hong Kong’s Chief Executive has turned into widespread protests on the territory’s streets. Hopes that the public would be able to nominate candidates were dashed by China’s decision to allow only committee-based nomination of candidates in the … Continue reading

Chinese investment in the EU

From ports to cars to food processing, China’s foreign direct investment (FDI) in the European Union (EU) concerns a wide variety of economy sectors. While China’s FDI in the EU has grown exponentially, it still is only a small part of the total FDI into EU. Despite the government’s role in the growth of Chinese … Continue reading

China’s defence budget

For more than a decade, China’s steadily rising military budget has been observed by Western analysts and the governments of neighbouring countries. This Keysource lists the country’s 2012 to 2014 official figures and diverging estimates provided by foreign organisations, international reaction to these figures plus analyses of the possible implications of current developments. Development up … Continue reading

Reshoring of EU manufacturing

Rising costs in formerly low-cost countries and the need for jobs in developed countries has recently brought reshoring – bringing back manufacturing – to the fore. It would reverse the significant offshoring of EU production to low-cost countries, which occurred from the 1980s through to the 2000s. China was the main destination, though its mass attraction to enterprises … Continue reading

EU imports of goods from Chinese forced labour

Goods made by forced labour in China, and a potential ban on their import to the EU, have long been on the EP agenda. Members have addressed numerous questions on the subject to the Commission and Council. Yet, so far EP calls for action have not led to tangible measures. The Chinese labour camp system … Continue reading

The United States-China relationship: Implications for the European Union

The rising economic, political and military influence of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) at global level carries enormous  geopolitical consequences for 21st century world politics. The United States (US), considered the dominant power in the international system, is still assessing to what extents China’s rise constitutes an opportunity and a threat. Despite Beijing’s assurances … Continue reading

EU-China bilateral investment agreement

6 language versions available in PDF format Bilaterales Investitionsabkommen zwischen der EU und China Acuerdo bilateral de inversiones UE-China Accord bilatéral d’investissement UE-Chine Accordo bilaterale UE-Cina in materia di investimenti Dwustronna umowa inwestycyjna między Chinami a UE EU-China bilateral investment agreement In February 2012, the European Union and China agreed to start talks on a … Continue reading

EU-Taiwan trade relations

Taiwan has a critical role in Asia’s supply chains and its trade with China is expanding rapidly, enhancing the possibility of triangular trade with Europe. This makes the island an important, albeit diplomatically complicated, partner for the EU, with strong potential to develop bilateral trade. Taiwan’s status as international partner Considered by China a “renegade” … Continue reading

China-Iceland Free Trade Agreement

China signed a free trade agreement (FTA) with Iceland earlier this year. This is China’s first FTA with a western European state. Once in force it will waive most tariffs in trade between the two countries. However, the tiny size of Iceland’s market and the fact that the agreement does not provide low-tariff entry for … Continue reading

Recycling as a response to Rare Earth Elements’ import dependence

The Rare Earth Elements (REE) are a group of 17 metals used in many high-tech products. It is estimated that China possesses around 35-40% of world reserves of REEs. However, increasing worldwide demand for REEs has led China to impose restrictions on their export. Therefore, recycling REEs is increasingly perceived in Europe as an important strategy to reduce … Continue reading

The East China Sea territorial dispute. Senkaku, Diaoyu, or Tiaoyutai Islands?

Japan, China, and Taiwan all lay claim to a group of barren islands and rocks in the East China Sea (ECS). They see strategic and economic advantages in claiming sovereignty over them. Chinese and Taiwanese trawlers and other boats regularly approach the islands, which are under Japan’s control. Taiwan recently tried to alleviate tensions by … Continue reading

Geopolitical and financial consequences of the shale revolution: Europe, Russia and Asia

Global gas demand As an effect of the ongoing financial and economic crisis, global gas demand (p.1) has decreased in the past years. At the same time, unconventional gas production, mainly in the US, has, together with an increased global capacity in liquefied natural gas (LNG) altered the supply side. These developments have an impact … Continue reading

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