CO2 emissions

This tag is associated with 20 posts

EU Just Transition Fund: how does it work? [Animated Infographic]

The Just Transition Fund will support European Union (EU) regions relying on fossil fuels and high-emission industries in their green transition. Continue reading

World Maritime Day 2020 – Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet

The United Nations’ international days are an occasion to give prominence to issues of concern to the public and policy-makers. The theme chosen for World Maritime Day 2020 – Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet – highlights the importance of the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the related work of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the UN agency for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Continue reading

European Parliament Plenary Session – September 2020

While Parliament and its Members were hopeful that the plenary session would return to Strasbourg this month, the significantly higher Covid‑19 health risks for the local population as well as Members and staff mean that the 14-17 September 2020 session will take place in Brussels. Continue reading

Stricter CO2 emission standards for new cars and vans [European Parliament impact 2014-2019]

Road transport is responsible for around 20 % of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Transport is the only sector in the EU that did not record any significant decline in greenhouse gas emissions since 1990. In 2016, EU transport emissions were 26 % above 1990 levels.
The European Parliament has played an important role in shaping EU legislation to respond to this challenge and in pushing for ambitious but realistic targets. Mandatory CO2 standards for new passenger cars in the EU were introduced in 2009 and strengthened in 2014. Continue reading

Removing CO2 from the air – golden opportunity or dangerous fantasy?

How can CO2 be taken out of the air? Will the technologies be ready? How much would it cost? How much CO2 could be removed? What are the risks?

These questions were discussed on 8 March 2018 in the European Parliament, at an event co-organised by the European Science Academies’ Advisory Council (EASAC) and the European Parliament Research Service (EPRS). Continue reading

Post-2020 reform of the EU Emissions Trading System [EU Legislation in Progress]

In July 2015, the European Commission proposed a reform of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) for the period 2021-2030, following the guidance set by the October 2014 European Council. Continue reading

Reducing air pollution: National emission ceilings for air pollutants [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Didier Bourguignon (6th edition) Despite significant progress in recent decades, air pollution levels in the European Union still have adverse impacts on the environment and on health. The European Commission estimates that health-related costs of air pollution in the EU range from 390 to 940 billion euros per year. The proposed directive, which … Continue reading

Climate summit in Paris [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski Leaders and representatives from nearly 200 countries will meet in Paris from 30 November to 11 December in an attempt to reach a global agreement to tackle climate change and its impacts. The main aim of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, known as COP 21, is to achieve an … Continue reading

Climate policies in the EU and USA: Different approaches, convergent outcomes?

Written by Gregor Erbach This briefing surveys the climate policies of the European Union and the United States and identifies both similarities and differences in their respective positions ahead of the UN climate change conference (COP21) in Paris. Both the EU and the USA have achieved emission reductions in recent years, although the policy frameworks … Continue reading

Transport CO2 emissions in focus

Written by Eulalia Claros and Marketa Pape On 30 November 2015, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is due to start in Paris. The aim is for the Parties to adopt binding rules to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and keep global warming below … Continue reading

Reducing CO2 emissions from transport

Written by Marketa Pape Graphics by Eulalia Claros International efforts to keep global warming below 2˚C and avoid catastrophic climate change require systematic cuts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in all areas of human activity. Transport currently accounts for about a quarter of EU GHG emissions, making it the second highest emitting sector after the … Continue reading

EU Emissions Trading System: cost-effective emission reductions and low-carbon investments: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

Written by Samuele Dossi This note provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission’s Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal which was adopted on 15 July 2015 and has been referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is … Continue reading

ETS market stability reserve

Written by Dessislava Yougova Policy makers and stakeholders agreed that the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) needs to be reformed. After more than a year of discussions, the European Commission published in January 2014 its legislative proposal for a market stability reserve (MSR) in the EU ETS. The measure, to be introduced as … Continue reading

EU biofuels policy: Dealing with indirect land use change

Written by Didier Bourguignon In 2003, the European Union established a biofuels support policy, primarily with the aim of lowering CO2 emissions in the transport sector. Critics have accused this policy of inducing indirect land use change (ILUC), which triggers an increase in global food prices and in food insecurity for the poor, promotes the … Continue reading

UN climate talks in Lima – more than hot air?

Written by Gregor Erbach The 20th UN climate change conference, which starts today (1 December) in Lima, will focus on preparing a new global climate agreement, applicable to all countries. It is to be adopted a year later at the following conference in Paris. Miguel Arias Cañete, Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy, represents the … Continue reading

Reform of the EU carbon market : From backloading to the market stability reserve

Written by Gregor Erbach The EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) aims to achieve cost-efficient reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through a market for trading emission allowances. The amount of available allowances is fixed in advance, in line with the EU’s GHG reduction targets. Recent developments include a decision about the allocation of free allowances to heavy industries, in … Continue reading

Dr Rajendra Pachauri (IPCC) in the European Parliament

Written by Geoff Archer Event panel members: Dr Rajendra Pachauri, Chair of the IPCC; Carlos Moedas, Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation; Mairead McGuinness, MEP, Vice President responsible for STOA; Dr Paul Rübig MEP, Chairman of STOA; Eva Kaili MEP, 1st STOA Vice Chair. The European Parliament’s Science and Technology Options Assessment body (STOA) hosted, with … Continue reading

La libéralisation des services portuaires européens: un état des lieux

Written by Ivana Katsarova En tant que points d’accès au continent européen, les quelque 1 200 ports maritimes jouent un rôle de premier plan à la fois pour le secteur européen des transports et pour la compétitivité de l’Union européenne (UE). Ils disposent, par ailleurs, d’un important potentiel en matière de création d’emplois et d’attrait pour les investisseurs. … Continue reading

Reform of EU emissions trading system (EU ETS)

Citizens occasionally write to the European Parliament asking about the functioning and the recent reform of the EU emissions trading system (EU ETS).   The EU emissions trading system (EU ETS) is a cornerstone of the European Union’s policy to combat climate change and its key tool for reducing industrial greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively. The … Continue reading

Reducing CO2 emissions from new cars

Parliament and Council reached a first reading agreement on CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars in November 2013. The agreed text specifies modalities for reaching a CO2 emissions target of 95 g/km by the end of 2020. It allows for flexibility in the use of so called super-credits, which encourage production of cars with … Continue reading

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