selection

demography

This tag is associated with 11 posts

Demographic outlook for the European Union 2019

Demography matters. The economy, labour market, healthcare, pensions, the environment, intergenerational fairness and election results – they are all driven by demography. The European Union (EU) has seen its population grow substantially – by around a quarter since 1960 – and it currently stands at over 500 million people. Continue reading

Economic challenges and prospects of the refugee influx

Written by Cemal Karakas The current refugee influx represents the largest population movement in Europe since World War II. Its size and complexity make it difficult to draw conclusions on the economic challenges and prospects valid for each Member State of the European Union (EU). Many experts agree that, in the short term, the refugee … Continue reading

Will your children live to be 100+?

Written by David Eatock It is expected that half of all children born in the European Union (EU) since the year 2000 will live to be at least 100 years old. This was just one of the facts, challenges and opportunities presented and discussed at a EPRS roundtable event ‘Demographic change in Europe’. Europe’s ageing … Continue reading

EPRS Roundtable debate: Demographic change in Europe

Written by Angelos Delivorias Demography, the statistical study of human populations, attracts the attention of politicians, academics, business and the media. Aspects such as the growth and ageing of a population, urbanisation, migration and the state of the labour market, as well as the impact of their interplay on the economic and social situation of … Continue reading

EU demographic indicators: Situation, trends and potential challenges

Written by Angelos Delivorias and Giulio Sabbati Europe’s share of the global population is declining and its population is ageing. Unemployment is still high, although rates vary between Member States, as well as within them. Women, young adults and older workers have a higher risk of unemployment, while the number of part-time workers is increasing. … Continue reading

Older people in Europe: EU policies and programmes

Older people are assuming a greater importance in the European Union as both their numbers and their proportion of the population increase due to the ageing of the population. The European Union (EU) and its Member States have adopted a number of policies and programmes that affect older people directly or support them in various ways. Discrimination on the … Continue reading

European Union pensions policy

Although Member States have the primary responsibility for designing their pension systems, major demographic changes along with strong economic shocks make the case for updating the European Union’s role as regards pensions. The European Commission’s 2012 White Paper on pensions has been fundamental to this process. Describing how the European Union (EU) could best help Member States to provide … Continue reading

Entry and residence of third-country nationals for research and study purposes

The European Union faces major structural and demographic challenges. To maintain its position as world-leading economy, the EU needs to attract more skilled labour. Students from third countries are an important source of skilled workers, while the EU has a shortage of the researchers and innovators desperately required if the Union is to meet its … Continue reading

Cities and demography

Demographic changes, population migration, urban shrinkage, integration of migrants, adaptation of infrastructure to population’s growth are challenges Europe’s cities will have to tackle in the future. This Keysource includes selected reports, studies and analyses as well as statistical data on demographic change in EU’s cities. Overviews Demographic Challenges for European Regions: The Role of the … Continue reading

Promoting fertility in the EU. Social policy options for Member States

The number of births as a proportion of the population has been declining in Europe since the late 19th century. In the past decade, fertility rates reached very low levels in many Member States (MS) of the European Union (EU), well below replacement levels. Low rates imply that, without migration or increased longevity, European populations … Continue reading

Social welfare protection: the EU, USA and China

Social welfare costs generally make up a large part of governments’ total budgets in developed countries. Although the share is lower in China, amounts are rising rapidly. The most costly elements in many countries are healthcare and pensions. Both areas have required real increases in budgets for many years because of the ageing of populations: … Continue reading

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