selection

greenhouse gases

This tag is associated with 18 posts

Plenary round-up – Brussels, November II 2018

The highlights of the November II plenary session were the debate on the future of Europe with the Prime Minister of Denmark, Lars Løkke Rasmussen, and the discussion on the Council and Commission statements on UK withdrawal from the European Union. Continue reading

Climate summit in Paris [What Think Tanks are thinking]

Written by Marcin Grajewski Leaders and representatives from nearly 200 countries will meet in Paris from 30 November to 11 December in an attempt to reach a global agreement to tackle climate change and its impacts. The main aim of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, known as COP 21, is to achieve an … Continue reading

Climate policies in the EU and USA: Different approaches, convergent outcomes?

Written by Gregor Erbach This briefing surveys the climate policies of the European Union and the United States and identifies both similarities and differences in their respective positions ahead of the UN climate change conference (COP21) in Paris. Both the EU and the USA have achieved emission reductions in recent years, although the policy frameworks … Continue reading

Transport CO2 emissions in focus

Written by Eulalia Claros and Marketa Pape On 30 November 2015, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is due to start in Paris. The aim is for the Parties to adopt binding rules to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and keep global warming below … Continue reading

Reducing CO2 emissions from transport

Written by Marketa Pape Graphics by Eulalia Claros International efforts to keep global warming below 2˚C and avoid catastrophic climate change require systematic cuts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in all areas of human activity. Transport currently accounts for about a quarter of EU GHG emissions, making it the second highest emitting sector after the … Continue reading

EU Emissions Trading System: cost-effective emission reductions and low-carbon investments: Initial Appraisal of a European Commission Impact Assessment

Written by Samuele Dossi This note provides an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission’s Impact Assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal which was adopted on 15 July 2015 and has been referred to the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is … Continue reading

European Parliament plenary session, 28 January 2015

Written by Conall Devaney On Wednesday 28 January MEPs will meet in plenary session in Brussels. The recent terrorist attacks in Paris, in which 17 people were killed, continue to cast a shadow over much of the political debate in Europe and the European Commission will use the session to make a statement on anti-terrorism … Continue reading

Towards a new international climate agreement

Written by Gregor Erbach A new international agreement to combat climate change is due to be adopted in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The 20th Conference of Parties, which was held in Lima last month, made some progress, but a number … Continue reading

UN climate talks in Lima – more than hot air?

Written by Gregor Erbach The 20th UN climate change conference, which starts today (1 December) in Lima, will focus on preparing a new global climate agreement, applicable to all countries. It is to be adopted a year later at the following conference in Paris. Miguel Arias Cañete, Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy, represents the … Continue reading

Reform of the EU carbon market : From backloading to the market stability reserve

Written by Gregor Erbach The EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) aims to achieve cost-efficient reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through a market for trading emission allowances. The amount of available allowances is fixed in advance, in line with the EU’s GHG reduction targets. Recent developments include a decision about the allocation of free allowances to heavy industries, in … Continue reading

Dr Rajendra Pachauri (IPCC) in the European Parliament

Written by Geoff Archer Event panel members: Dr Rajendra Pachauri, Chair of the IPCC; Carlos Moedas, Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation; Mairead McGuinness, MEP, Vice President responsible for STOA; Dr Paul Rübig MEP, Chairman of STOA; Eva Kaili MEP, 1st STOA Vice Chair. The European Parliament’s Science and Technology Options Assessment body (STOA) hosted, with … Continue reading

Eco-efficient transport and modern energy solutions

As fossil fuels become scarcer and more expensive, and as the threat of climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions increases, it is ever more important to consider alternatives in the fields of energy and transport. STOA is the Science and Technology Options Assessment body,which provides independent scientific advice to the European Parliament. STOA has … Continue reading

Unconventional gas and oil in North America

The ‘shale revolution’ Over the past decade, the United States and Canada have experienced spectacular growth in the production of unconventional fossil fuels, notably shale gas and tight oil, thanks to technological innovations such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking). Economic impacts This new supply of energy has led to falling gas prices and … Continue reading

Air quality and climate change EU policies

According to Air and Climate Unit of IES-JRC “air pollution and climate change are connected problems: the sources of air pollutants and climate-warming greenhouse gases are often the same. Air pollution can influence climate change, and climate change can influence the levels of air pollution. Action taken to improve air quality will also yield important … Continue reading

EU climate and energy policies post-2020: Energy security, competitiveness and decarbonisation

The European Commission recently presented its proposals for post-2020 climate and energy policies. It is now up to Parliament and Member States to reach an agreement. The current “20-20-20” targets focus on decarbonisation through the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the deployment of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures. The global context for … Continue reading

Indirect land use change (ILUC) and biofuels in the EU

This dossier aims to provide information on very recent studies and analyses regarding the ILUC and biofuels issue. It has been created in February 2013 and last updated in March 2014. ILUC occurs when biofuel crops replace food crops. If existing agricultural land is turned over to biofuel production, agriculture has to proceed to land … Continue reading

EU 2030 climate and energy framework

The Commission adopted the Green paper “A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies” (procedure file in the EP Legislative Observatory) in March 2013. The key objectives are “reducing greenhouse gas emission, securing energy supply and supporting growth, competitiveness and jobs through a high technology, cost efficient approach”. It takes into account the longer-term perspectives to 2050 … Continue reading

F-gases: good for the ozone layer, bad for the climate

The EU is taking steps to reduce the use of fluorinated gases (F-gases). F-gases have replaced ozone-destroying substances, but as potent greenhouse gases they contribute significantly to global warming. In the 1980s, scientists discovered that the earth’s protective ozone layer was thinning, raising the risk of skin cancer and cataracts. The culprits were chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), … Continue reading

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