This tag is associated with 14 posts

Turning waste into a resource – Moving towards a ‘circular economy’

Written by Didier Bourguignon In a circular economy, unlike in a linear economy based on a ‘take-make-consumethrow away’ pattern, the materials contained within products are reused, turning waste into a valuable resource. Although businesses have started to use this model on specific products in various sectors, it has not yet been implemented on a large scale. In its … Continue reading

A new STOA Panel for the new European Parliament

The European Parliament’s Science and Technology Options Panel (known as STOA) has had its political leadership mandate renewed for the next two and a half years at a constituent meeting held during the recent European Parliament (EP) plenary session week in Strasbourg. On 22nd October 2014, MEPs appointed to the STOA Panel by parliamentary committees … Continue reading

Recycling as a response to Rare Earth Elements’ import dependence

The Rare Earth Elements (REE) are a group of 17 metals used in many high-tech products. It is estimated that China possesses around 35-40% of world reserves of REEs. However, increasing worldwide demand for REEs has led China to impose restrictions on their export. Therefore, recycling REEs is increasingly perceived in Europe as an important strategy to reduce … Continue reading

L’Union européenne et l’agriculture durable

Confrontée aux besoins alimentaires d’une population croissante, l’agriculture mondiale doit faire face à de multiples enjeux (économiques, écologiques et sociaux). Selon les estimations, il faudrait, pour répondre à ces besoins, parvenir d’ici à 2050 à une augmentation de 70% de la production agricole mondiale. Parce qu’elle a notamment pour objectifs de promouvoir la production d’aliments … Continue reading

Rare earth elements and recycling possibilities

Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of 17 metallic elements mined in ores containing low quantities of REEs. They have particular properties essential to many industries. REEs are key components of clean energy and high-tech growth industries, and are therefore considered a critical raw material. REEs are imported into the European Union (EU) from … Continue reading

Sustainability in the global cotton value chain

6 language versions available in PDF format Nachhaltigkeit der globalen Wertschöpfungskette im Baumwollsektor Sostenibilidad en la cadena de valor mundial del algodón Durabilité au sein de la chaîne de valeur globale du coton Sostenibilità della catena del valore mondiale del cotone Zrównoważony rozwój w globalnym łańcuchu wartości dodanej w sektorze bawełny Sustainability in the global … Continue reading

Raw materials for Europe

The European Commission (EC) has highlighted Europe’s dependence on imports of many raw materials, and that reliable supplies of these are critical to its competitiveness. Global trends show that competition for raw materials will increase in the future and that price levels are unpredictable.   The Commission has responded to these challenges with the Raw Materials … Continue reading

Implementing energy market reforms

Late transposition of a 2009 legislative package is delaying completion of the EU’s internal energy market. Member States (MS) face conflicting interests and high costs in implementing the legislation, which aims to break up energy monopolies. Ongoing liberalisation efforts The first phases of liberalisation of the EU internal energy market took place between 1996 and … Continue reading

Completion of the EU internal energy market

Updated on 21 November 2012 In order to liberalise the EU internal energy market, three legislative packages were adopted from 1996 to 2009. As a consequence, new gas and electricity suppliers can enter markets across the EU while consumers are free to choose their energy supplier. The ‘third energy package‘ (directives 2009/72 (electricity) and 2009/73 (gas)) … Continue reading

EU Renewable Energy Strategy

 The use of renewable energy has many potential benefits, including contributing to CO2 emissions reduction and decreasing dependency on fossil fuels and energy imports. The Renewable Energy Directive, adopted in 2009, sets binding targets to achieve a 20% share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2020. To reach this target, every EU … Continue reading

EU Energy Roadmap 2050

The Energy Roadmap 2050, published on the 15 December 2011, goes beyond the 2020 goals set out in the Energy 2020 communication and provides an analysis of the long term energy policy orientations. The Energy roadmap follows on the Roadmap for moving to a low-carbon economy in 2050, which is part of the EU2020 Resource … Continue reading

Industrial and energy aspects of shale gas extraction

The 2050 Energy Roadmap, published by the Commission in December 2011, recognises shale gas as an energy source that could potentially lessen the EU’s import dependence and play an important part in the EU’s energy mix in the future.  However, there is continuing uncertainty about the future role of unconventional gas resources, in particular shale … Continue reading

Environmental and health impacts of shale gas extraction

Nobody can ignore the environmental impact of shale gas production, even if the opinions regarding the importance of these impacts diverge. Water is one of the main issues. Hydraulic fracturing of shale gas formations needs massive amounts of water in order to extract the gas from the rock. This could create heavy demand on the water … Continue reading

Politique énergétique européenne: Les enjeux fondamentaux

L’énergie constitue l’un des plus grands enjeux auxquels l’Union européenne est confrontée. Les nombreux défis à relever concernent l’amélioration de l’efficacité énergétique, le développement d’énergies renouvelables dans une perspective de développement durable, la réalisation effective du marché intérieur de l’énergie pour offrir un choix réel aux consommateurs à des prix équitables et concurrentiels, doté d’infrastructures … Continue reading

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