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European Parliament: Facts and Figures

Updated on 9 March 2016

Written by Giulio Sabbati,

This briefing provides key facts and figures about the European Parliament, both today and in previous terms since direct elections were introduced in 1979.

It includes graphics of various kinds which:

  • detail the composition of the European Parliament now and in the past;
  • trace the increase in the number of parties represented in the Parliament and show the evolution of political groups;
  • chart the rise in the number of women sitting in the Parliament;
  • explain the electoral systems used in elections to the Parliament across the Member States;
  • show how turnout in European elections compares with that in national elections;
  • summarise the activity of the Parliament in the last term from 2009 to 2014;
  • present the annual cost of the Parliament compared with other parliaments;
  • outline the composition of the Parliament’s main governing bodies.


Download images from the Graphics Warehouse.


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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved

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