Members' Research Service By / November 26, 2014

European Parliament: Facts and Figures

This briefing provides key facts and figures about the European Parliament. It looks at both the current parliamentary term (July 2019 to June 2024) and the eight previous five-year terms since direct elections were introduced in June 1979.

Proportion of Members in each political group

Written by Giulio Sabbati.

Updated on 21.10.2021

This Briefing, published by the European Parliamentary Research Service, is designed to provide key facts and figures about the European Parliament. It looks at both the current parliamentary term (July 2019 to June 2024) and the eight previous five-year terms since direct elections were introduced in June 1979.

It includes graphics of various kinds which:

  • detail the composition of the European Parliament now and in the past;
  • trace the increase in the number of parties represented in the EP and evolution of political groups;
  • show the age of Members and chart the rise in the number of women sitting in the Parliament;
  • explain the electoral systems used in the 2019 elections to the Parliament across the Member States;
  • show how turnout in European elections has changed over time and varied between Member States;
  • summarise the work of the Parliament in the current and previous five-year terms;
  • outline the composition of the Parliament’s committees, delegations and governing bodies;
  • explain the legislative role of the Parliament and its interaction with the European Commission.

The Briefing is being updated regularly over the 2019-24 term to take account of latest developments.

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