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Maternity and paternity leave in the EU

Written by Ulla Jurviste, Martina Prpic and Giulio Sabbati

Updated in December 2016

Maternity leave policies in EU Member States are governed by the 1992 Pregnant Workers Directive, which sets the minimum period for maternity leave at 14 weeks, with 2 weeks’ compulsory leave before and/or after confinement and an adequate allowance subject to national legislation. In 2008 the Commission tried to replace this directive with a more suitable framework. The proposal was to extend the duration of maternity leave to 18 weeks in accordance with the guidelines of the International Labour Organization. At least 6 weeks would be compulsory after confinement, with an allowance amounting to full salary. This was accepted in 2010 by the Parliament, which extended the proposal to 20 weeks of maternity leave and 2 weeks of paternity leave under the same conditions. However, having been deadlocked in the Council since then, the proposal was withdrawn in July 2015. The Commission then announced a new, more holistic package as a replacement. The proposed package tackles the challenge of work-life balance of working parents and carers, which would be particularly beneficial for gender equality in the labour market.

Explanation of the graphs

Due to the complexity of national legislation and differences between the Member States, and to facilitate presentation of the data in graphic form, simplifications have had to be made in respect of a number of countries. The terms of legislation as it applies in the public sector are illustrated in cases where there is a difference with the private sector.
Countries are ordered by the length of leave granted.

Given that national legislation may express leave periods in months, weeks, calendar days or working days, for comparison, they are presented here in rounded weeks.

Some countries also have ceilings on the amount of money paid during maternity/paternity leave but these are not addressed in this publication.

When national legislation does not state exactly when the maternity leave is supposed to start, the earliest possible time was taken as the starting point.

Download this infographic on ‘Maternity and paternity leave in the EU‘ in PDF.



4 thoughts on “Maternity and paternity leave in the EU

  1. I live in the US. I’m planning on taking as long as I can with the vacation time I’ve saved up (looks like it’ll be 3-4 weeks). As a plot twist, if all goes well with HR, I may end up working from home 2 days a week while on maternity leave and taking closer to 5-6 weeks. With my short term disability, I’m actually eligible for up to 12 weeks at 60% salary if needed, but alas, I don’t think the bank will let me only pay 60% of the mortgage.


    Posted by Renne Jacob | May 7, 2015, 11:04
  2. Very interesting, I`m just grateful that I got 2 weeks in the UK and also the ability to take 13 weeks additional paternity leave at standard maternity rate. The “Variable” figures above masks the true picture though as the UK looks great but actually pales in comparison to some other countries who give more pay for a shorter time, more money overall though, interesting..


    Posted by pjmcc2014 | January 5, 2015, 17:01


  1. Pingback: » Майчинството в различните държави по света - July 30, 2015

  2. Pingback: The road to gender equality: achievements and challenges | European Parliamentary Research Service - March 4, 2015

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