Written by Anita Orav (3rd edition, updated on 26/3/2021),

Digital Fingerprint
©psdesign1 / Fotolia

Eurodac is a biometric database in which Member States are required to enter the fingerprint data of asylum-seekers in order to identify where they entered the European Union (EU). Established in 2000 and reviewed in 2013, its main purpose is to facilitate the application of the Dublin Regulation. The 2013 revision broadened the scope to provide law enforcement authorities with access to the Eurodac database. As part of the reform of the common European asylum system in 2016, the European Commission proposed a recast Eurodac Regulation. The co-legislators reached a partial agreement on the proposal in 2018. As part of the broader migration and asylum pact, the new Commission presented an amended proposal on 23 September 2020. The Commission expects the co-legislators to promptly adopt the proposal on the basis of the agreement already reached.

Versions

Amended proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of ‘Eurodac’ for the comparison of biometric data for the effective application of Regulation (EU) xxx/xxx [Regulation on Asylum and Migration Management] and of Regulation (EU) xxx/xxx [Resettlement Regulation], for identifying an illegally staying third-country national or stateless person and on requests for the comparison with Eurodac data by Member States’ law enforcement authorities and Europol for law enforcement purposes and amending Regulations (EU) 2018/1240 and (EU) 2019/818
Committee responsible: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) COM(2020) 614 of 23.9.2020, COM(2016) 272 of 4.5.2016
Rapporteur: Jorge Buxadé Villalba (ECR, Spain) procedure ref.: 2016/0132(COD)
Shadow rapporteurs: Karlo Ressler (EPP, Croatia), Isabel Santos (S&D, Portugal), Hilde Vautmans (Renew, Belgium), Tom Vandendriessche (ID, Belgium), Saskia Bricmont (Greens/EFA, Belgium), Malin Björk (The Left, Sweden) Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Publication of the draft report

Timeline


Visit the European Parliament page on ‘Improving the Common European Asylum System‘.