Members' Research Service By / May 29, 2017

Circular economy package: Four legislative proposals on waste [EU Legislation in Progress]

Written by Didier Bourguignon (7th edition), Updated on 4.7.2018 Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent…

© avarooa / Fotolia

Written by Didier Bourguignon (7th edition),

Updated on 4.7.2018

© avarooa / Fotolia

Although waste management in the EU has improved considerably in recent decades, over a quarter of municipal waste is still landfilled and less than half is recycled or composted, with wide variations between Member States. Improving waste manage­ment could deliver positive effects for the environment, climate, human health and the economy. As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling, strengthening provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamlining definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. After completion of the legislative procedure, the final acts were signed on 30 May 2018. Member States are required to transpose the directives into national law by 5 July 2020.


See also our at a glance note on: ‘Circular economy 1.0 and 2.0: A comparison‘.

See our animated infographic on Circular Economy.


Proposals for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council

  • amending Directive 2008/98/EC on waste
  • amending Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste
  • amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste
  • amending Directives 2000/53/EC on end-of-life vehicles, 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators, and 2012/19/EU on waste electrical and electronic equipment
Committee responsible:


Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI)

Simona Bonafè (S&D, Italy)

COM(2015)593, COM(2015)594, COM(2015)595, COM(2015)596 of 02.12.2015

procedure ref.: 2015/0272(COD), 2015/0274(COD), 2015/0275(COD), 2015/0276(COD),

Ordinary legislative procedure

Procedure completed. Directives (EU) 2018/849, 2018/850, 2018/851, 2018/852
OJ L 150, 14.6.2018, pp 93-154

Stage: adoption, 10 steps

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Visit the European Parliament homepage on circular economy.


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