Members' Research Service By / May 19, 2021

Brexit adjustment reserve [EU Legislation in Progress]

The European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 December 2020.

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Written by Christiaan van Lierop (3rd edition, updated on 9.11.2021).

As part of the preparations for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union, the European Council agreed in July 2020 to create a Brexit adjustment reserve within the special instruments outside the budget ceilings of the European Union’s multiannual financial framework, with a budget of €5 billion to counter unforeseen and adverse consequences in Member States and sectors that are most affected. The Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on the Brexit adjustment reserve on 25 December 2020. The reserve will support public expenditure incurred by Member States from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2023 for eligible measures, which include support for affected sectors, training, and new border facilities. Funding will be available for all Member States, distributed in several allocation tranches, with 80 % of the resources due to be allocated to Member States in the form of pre-financing, to be disbursed in 2021, 2022 and 2023, and the remainder to be made available in 2025, where applicable. Each country’s allocation is calculated based on the importance of its trade with the UK and, where applicable, its dependence on fisheries in UK waters and the size of the population of maritime border regions with the UK. Following the agreement on the final text between Council and Parliament on 17 June 2021, Parliament adopted its first-reading position on 15 September 2021, with the act adopted by Council on 28 September. The regulation was published in the Official Journal on 8 October 2021.


Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Brexit adjustment reserve
Committee responsible: Regional Development (REGI) COM(2020) 854 final 25.12.2020

Pascal Arimont (EPP, Belgium)

2020/0380 (COD)
Shadow rapporteurs: Tsvetelina Penkova (S&D, Bulgaria) Irène Tolleret (Renew, France) François Alfonsi (Greens/EFA, France) Raffaele Fitto (ECR, italy) Martina Michels (The Left, Germany) Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Procedure completed. Regulation (EU) 2021/1755 OJ L 357, 8.10.2021, pp.1-26
EU Legislation in progress: Adoption

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