Members' Research Service By / September 30, 2021

Revising the Energy Efficiency Directive: Fit for 55 package [EU Legislation in Progress]

The fundamental aim of this legislative package is to deliver the EU’s climate action objective of a minimum 55 % reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030 (compared with 1990 levels), thus setting the EU more firmly on the path towards meeting its ultimate goal of net zero GHG emissions (climate neutrality) by 2050.

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Written by Alex Wilson (2nd edition, updated on 05.09.2022).

On 14 July 2021, the European Commission adopted the ‘fit for 55’ package with a view to adapting existing EU climate and energy legislation to meet the EU objective of a minimum 55 % reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030, as required under the European Climate Law. The ‘fit for 55’ package includes a recast of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), aligning its provisions to the -55 % GHG target. The EED is currently designed to meet the existing goal of 32.5 % energy efficiency improvements by 2030. The recast EED would require Member States to almost double their annual energy savings obligations, make exemplary efforts in the public sector, address energy poverty, and take other measures to deliver 9 % more energy savings than foreseen under existing EU legislation. As part of the REPowerEU plan (May 2022) to address the ongoing energy crisis, the Commission proposed a targeted EED amendment requiring 13 % more energy savings by 2030.   

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In the Parliament, the file was referred to the ITRE committee, which adopted its report in July 2022, proposing more ambitious and binding limits on energy consumption at EU and national levels. The Council of the EU adopted its general approach in June 2022, supporting the Commission’s earlier targets (July 2021) and insisting that national contributions remain indicative.

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Versions

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy efficiency (recast)
Committee responsible:Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE)COM(2021) 558
14.7.2021
Rapporteur:Niels Fuglsang (S&D, Denmark)2021/0203(COD)
Shadow rapporteurs:Pernille Weiss (EPP, Denmark)
Nicola Danti (Renew, Italy)
Jutta Paulus (Greens/EFA, Germany)
Markus Buchheit (I&D, Germany)
Grzegorz Tobiszowski (ECR, Poland)
Sandra Pereira (The Left, Portugal)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Vote on committee report in plenary
timeline-10 steps-voted in plenary

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