Written by Monika Dulian (5th edition, updated on 24.11.2023).
On 14 July 2021, the European Commission adopted the ‘fit for 55’ package with a view to adapting existing EU climate and energy legislation to meet the EU objective of a minimum 55 % reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030, as required under the European Climate Law. The ‘fit for 55’ package includes a recast of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), aligning its provisions to the -55 % GHG target. The recast EED as proposed by the Commission required Member States to almost double their annual energy savings obligations, make exemplary efforts in the public sector, address energy poverty, and take other measures to deliver 9 % more energy savings than anticipated under existing EU legislation. As part of the REPowerEU plan (May 2022), the Commission proposed a targeted EED amendment requiring 13 % more energy savings by 2030.
The trilogue negotiations concluded on 10 March 2023 with a provisional agreement, setting a reduction target for primary and final energy consumption of 11.7% at EU level by 2030 compared with energy consumption forecasts made in 2020. The Parliament adopted the revised directive on 11 July 2023, and then the Council completed its adopyion. The act was signed on 13 September 2023 and published in the Official Journal of the European Union. On 10 October 2023 the revised directive entered into force.
- November 2023: Revising the Energy Efficiency Directive: Fit for 55 package (5th edition)
|Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy efficiency (recast)|
|Committee responsible:||Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE)||COM(2021) 558|
|Rapporteur:||Niels Fuglsang (S&D, Denmark)||2021/0203(COD)|
|Shadow rapporteurs:||Pernille Weiss (EPP, Denmark)|
Nicola Danti (Renew, Italy)
Jutta Paulus (Greens/EFA, Germany)
Grzegorz Tobiszowski (ECR, Poland)
Markus Buchheit (ID, Germany)
Sandra Pereira (The Left, Portugal)
|Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)|
Directive (EU) 2023/1791
OJ L 231, 20.9.2023, p. 1–111