Written by Guillaume Ragonnaud (1st edition).
The EU’s ambition to become a climate-neutral economy by 2050, and its ability to sustain the green and digital transition and achieve strategic autonomy, all rely heavily on reliable, secure and resilient access to critical raw materials (CRMs).
On 16 March 2023, the Commission put forward a proposal for a regulation on CRMs. It introduces the concept of strategic raw materials (SRMs), which are key for some strategic technologies and vulnerable to shortages. The general objective of the proposed regulation is to improve the functioning of the single market by establishing a framework to ensure the EU’s access to a secure and sustainable supply of CRMs. To achieve this, the regulation would pursue four specific objectives: strengthening the whole SRM value chain; diversifying the EU’s imports of SRMs (so that by 2030, no third country would provide more than 65 % of the EU’s annual consumption of each SRM); improving the EU’s ability to monitor and mitigate the CRM supply risk; ensuring the free movement of CRMs and products containing CRMs placed on the EU market and ensuring a high level of environmental protection, by improving their circularity and sustainability.
The proposal is now in the hands of the co-legislators. In the European Parliament, the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) is responsible for the file.
- May 2023: Critical raw materials act (1st edition)
|Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for ensuring a secure and sustainable supply of critical raw materials and amending Regulations (EU) 168/2013, (EU) 2018/858, 2018/1724 and (EU) 2019/1020|
|Committee responsible:||Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE)||COM(2023)160|
|Rapporteur:||Nicola Beer (Renew, Germany)||2023/0079(COD)|
|Shadow rapporteurs:||Hildegard Bentele (EPP, Germany)|
Mohammed Chahim (S&D, the Netherlands)
Henrike Hahn (Greens/EFA, Germany)
Izabela-Helena Kloc (ECR, Poland)
Marie Dauchy (ID, France)
Cornelia Ernst (The Left, Germany)
|Ordinary legislative procedure (COD)|
(Parliament and Council on equal footing
– formerly ‘co-decision’)
|Next steps expected: Discussion of draft report in committee|