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Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig

This tag is associated with 26 posts

The revised Brexit deal: What has changed and next steps?

Brexit talks between the EU and the UK had reached a standstill in spring 2019, with the House of Commons refusing to vote in favour of the negotiated withdrawal agreement, including a Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland. Continue reading

Ratifying the EU-UK withdrawal deal: State of play and possible scenarios

On 14 November 2018, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) negotiators announced their approval of the legal agreement on the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. Continue reading

Brexit: Understanding the withdrawal agreement and political declaration

In November 2018, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) endorsed, at leaders’ level, an agreement that would ensure an orderly UK withdrawal from the EU on 30 March 2019, as well as a political declaration setting out the main parameters of the future EU-UK relationship. Continue reading

Use of financial data for preventing and combatting serious crime [EU Legislation in Progress]

On 17 April 2018, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a directive intended to facilitate law enforcement authorities’ access to and use of financial information held in other jurisdictions within the EU for investigations related to terrorism and other serious crime. Continue reading

Mutual recognition of freezing and confiscation orders [EU Legislation in Progress]

In order to respond more effectively to the challenge of criminals and terrorists hiding assets in other Member States, in 2016 the European Commission proposed a regulation on the mutual recognition of freezing and confiscation orders in criminal matters. Continue reading

The future partnership between the European Union and the United Kingdom: Negotiating a framework for relations after Brexit

Following the European Council’s additional guidelines of March 2018, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) have begun discussions on their future relations, after the UK’s withdrawal from the EU (Brexit). Continue reading

The EU-UK withdrawal agreement: Progress to date and remaining difficulties

With less than one year to go before the planned Brexit date of 30 March 2019, talks are continuing as regards the terms of the United Kingdom’s (UK) withdrawal from the European Union (EU). Continue reading

Framework for future EU-UK relations

The European Parliament will hold a debate and vote a resolution setting out its proposals on the future relationship with the United Kingdom after Brexit, during its March plenary session. It thus aims to feed into the guidelines the European Council is expected to adopt on 22 March, on opening exploratory discussions with the UK on the framework of the future EU-UK relationship. Continue reading

The Brexit process: Moving to the second phase of negotiations

The first phase of Brexit talks between the EU and UK negotiating teams needed six rounds of discussion over seven months. Finally, on Friday 8 December, an agreement in principle on the three priority issues – citizens’ rights, a financial settlement and Northern Ireland – was reached. Continue reading

Outlook for Brexit negotiations

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig, On 29 March 2017, Theresa May, the UK Prime Minister, officially notified the United Kingdom’s intention to withdraw from the European Union (EU), following the previous year’s referendum which resulted in a narrow vote to leave the EU (by 51.9 % to 48.1 %). Despite the EU and the UK being … Continue reading

UK withdrawal from the European Union: Legal and procedural issues

Written by Jesús Carmona, Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig and Gianluca Sgueo, On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom (UK) is expected to give formal notification of its intention to leave the European Union (EU), following the recent adoption of an Act of Parliament authorising the British government to take this important step. The notification follows nine months … Continue reading

Justice against sponsors of terrorism: JASTA and its international impact

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig and Patryk Pawlak, On 27 September 2016, the United States Congress overrode the presidential veto to pass the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act (JASTA), the culmination of lengthy efforts to facilitate lawsuits by victims of terrorism against foreign states and officials supporting terrorism. Until JASTA, under the ‘terrorism exception’ in … Continue reading

Counter-terrorist sanctions regimes: Legal framework and challenges at UN and EU levels

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig, Targeted sanctions against individuals and entities suspected of supporting terrorism are an important part of the United Nations Security Council’s counter-terrorism programme. Under the main counter-terrorist sanctions regimes created under Chapter VII of the United Nations (UN) Charter, UN member states are obliged to impose an asset freeze, travel ban and … Continue reading

EU-US cooperation in Justice and Home Affairs – an overview [Policy Podcast]

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig, The area of Justice and Home Affairs (JHA), including the fight against terrorism, has emerged as a priority for transatlantic cooperation. Listen to podcast: EU-US cooperation in Justice and Home Affairs – an overview [Policy podcast] Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the partnership between the European Union (EU) and the United States … Continue reading

Understanding US Presidential elections

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cirlig and Micaela Del Monte Graphics by Giulio Sabbati In July 2016, the two major US parties will nominate their respective official candidate for the 58th US presidential election which takes place in November. With less than three months before the national conventions, and a large number of delegates already allocated, on … Continue reading

How the EU budget is spent: Common Foreign and Security Policy

Written by Alina Dobreva and Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig, The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) is designed to preserve peace, prevent conflicts, strengthen international security and ensure the visibility and effectiveness of EU foreign policy. Spending under the CFSP (€327.3 million in commitments for 2016) covers only some EU foreign policy measures, namely civilian missions, … Continue reading

Activation of Article 42(7) TEU: France’s request for assistance and Member States’ responses

Written by Suzana Elena Anghel (European Council Oversight Unit) and Carmen-Cristina Cirlig (Members’ Research Service) Following the terrorist attacks in Paris on 13 November 2015, France requested aid and assistance from the other Member States based on Article 42(7) TEU. This represented the first activation of the mutual assistance clause since it was introduced by … Continue reading

EU rules on control of arms exports

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig, Graphics by Giulio Sabbati, The EU’s Common Position on arms exports is the only legally binding region-wide arrangement on conventional arms exports. While the Common Position has increased information-sharing and transparency of Member States’ arms exports, there is still scope for enhancing the convergence of national arms-exports policies and for stricter … Continue reading

The EU’s mutual assistance clause: First ever activation of Article 42(7) TEU

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig On 17 November 2015, Article 42(7), or the mutual assistance clause of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), was invoked for the first time, when France asked for aid and assistance from the other European Union (EU) Member States in the aftermath of the deadly terrorist attacks in Paris on 13 … Continue reading

Illicit small arms and light weapons: International and EU action

Written by Carmen-Cristina Cîrlig Small arms and light weapons (SALW) are the main tools used in today’s conflicts, be they inter-state wars, civil wars or the actions of organised crime, and the cause of the majority of deaths from armed violence in the world – of combatants, but also, and mainly, of civilians. As past efforts have mostly been … Continue reading

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