Members' Research Service By / June 4, 2021

Strengthening Europol’s mandate [EU Legislation in Progress]

Discussions in the Council started in January 2021. In the European Parliament, a draft report was discussed in the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs at the end of May 2021.

© Tobias Arhelger / Adobe Stock

Written by Carmen-Cristine Cîrlig (3rd edition, updated on 05.07.2022).

On 9 December 2020, along with its counter-terrorism agenda, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation to reinforce the mandate of Europol, the EU law enforcement cooperation agency.

The proposed regulation aims principally at rendering Europol’s cooperation with private parties more effective; responding to the agency’s ‘big data challenge’, by providing a legal basis for processing large and complex datasets, including personal data of data subjects not related to a crime; and reinforcing Europol’s role in relation to research and innovation for law enforcement.

The legislative proposal, which would amend the existing Europol Regulation (EU) 2016/794, is accompanied by another legislative proposal to modify Regulation (EU) 2018/1862 on the Schengen information system (SIS), to allow Europol to issue alerts in SIS under a new category.

On 1 February 2022, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the proposal for a regulation, which was formally adopted by each institution on 4 May and 24 May respectively, and signed into law on 8 June. The regulation entered into force on 28 June 2022.


Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2016/794, as regards Europol’s cooperation with private parties, the processing of personal data by Europol in support of criminal investigations, and Europol’s role on research and innovation
Committee responsible: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) COM(2020) 796 9.12.2020

Javier Zarzalejos (EPP, Spain)

Shadow rapporteurs: Franco Roberti (S&D, Italy), Dragoş Tudorache (Renew, Romania), Tom Vandendriessche (ID, Belgium), Saskia Bricmont (Greens/EFA, Belgium), Patryck Jaki (ECR, Poland), Clare Daly (The Left, Ireland) Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Regulation (EU) 2022/99
OJ L 169, 27.6.2022, pp. 1–42

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