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Child poverty in the European Union: The crisis and its aftermath

Written by Marie Lecerf,

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© lassedesignen / Fotolia

More than one in four children in the European Union (EU) is at risk of poverty or social exclusion. The poverty rate for children is higher than that for any other age group, though it varies widely across Member States. Furthermore, between 2008 and 2014, Europe has witnessed a rise in the number of severely deprived children.

The five main factors affecting child poverty are: the composition of the household in which a child lives, the parents’ labour market situation, the mother’s own working status, the parents’ educational level and their country of birth. Alongside these factors, two drivers have played a growing part in the rise of child poverty in the EU since the onset of the ‘Great Recession’: a cyclical one – the economic crisis – and a structural one – the phenomenon of inherited poverty.

Therefore, child poverty has become a major policy concern for the European institutions. Six recent Council presidencies have commissioned studies and convened conferences on child poverty. In 2013, the European Commission adopted a Recommendation ‘Investing in children – breaking the cycle of disadvantage’ in connection with the creation of an evidence-based online platform. On 16 June 2016, the European Council adopted conclusions on an integrated approach for combating poverty and social exclusion. Similarly, combating child poverty and social exclusion has moved up the agenda of the two EU consultative committees and the European Parliament. Nevertheless, non-governmental organisations have highlighted some concerns that have not been fully addressed by the EU institutions.

Read the complete briefing on ‘Child poverty in the European Union: The crisis and its aftermath‘ here.

 

Personal characteristics determine poverty status – Regression analysis based on EU statistics on income and living conditions, 2006–2012

Personal characteristics determine poverty status – Regression analysis based on EU statistics on income and living conditions, 2006–2012

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The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy. Copyright © European Union, 2014. All rights reserved

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