you're reading...
Economic and Social Policies, Institutional and Legal Affairs, PUBLICATIONS

States of emergency in response to the coronavirus crisis: Situation in certain Member States II

Written by Nikolai Atanassov, Hubert Dalli, Costica Dumbrava, Gianna Eckert, Ulla Jurviste, Anja Radjenovic, Sofija Voronova,

© Ivelin Radkov / Adobe Stock

Member States have adopted a range of emergency measures in response to the unprecedented public health crises generated by the coronavirus pandemic. Whereas not all Member States dispose of constitutional mechanisms to enable the declaration of a ‘state of emergency’, all have taken exceptional and far-reaching emergency measures that affect citizens’ rights and freedoms as well as democratic processes. These institutional changes and the restrictions imposed on citizens’ lives pose significant institutional and democratic challenges.

Given their impact on fundamental rights and freedoms and on the normal functioning of democracy, emergency measures need to be carefully examined, matched with adequate legal safeguards, and subject to close democratic scrutiny. This is particularly true in the context of rapid changes of circumstances and in view of new evidence about the evolution of the crisis and its implications. This briefing covers the following countries: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Malta, Austria, Romania, and Slovenia. It focuses on three key aspects: i) the constitutional framework of the state emergency or legitimation of the emergency legislation; ii) the concrete measures adopted; and iii) the extent of parliamentary oversight exercised on the adopted measures.

This briefing is the second in a series aimed at providing a comparative overview of Member States’ institutional responses to the coronavirus crisis. The first in the series covered an initial set of seven Member States.


Read the complete briefing on ‘States of emergency in response to the coronavirus crisis: Situation in certain Member States II‘ in the Think Tank pages of the European Parliament.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Download the EPRS App

EPRS App on Google Play
EPRS App on App Store
What Europe Does For You
EU Legislation in Progress
Topical Digests
EPRS Podcasts

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 3,273 other followers

RSS Link to Members’ Research Service

Disclaimer and Copyright statement

The content of all documents (and articles) contained in this blog is the sole responsibility of the author and any opinions expressed therein do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament. It is addressed to the Members and staff of the EP for their parliamentary work. Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorised, provided the source is acknowledged and the European Parliament is given prior notice and sent a copy.

For a comprehensive description of our cookie and data protection policies, please visit Terms and Conditions page.

Copyright © European Union, 2014-2019. All rights reserved.

%d bloggers like this: