Members' Research Service By / March 17, 2022

EU directive on gas and hydrogen networks [EU Legislation in Progress]

On 15 December 2021, the European Commission adopted a hydrogen and decarbonised gas markets package, consisting of three major legislative proposals: a recast regulation on EU gas and hydrogen markets; a recast directive on EU gas and hydrogen markets (the subject of this briefing); and an entirely new regulation to reduce methane emissions in the EU energy sector.

© Nikolay Zaburdaev / Adobe Stock.

Written by Alex Wilson (1st edition).

On 15 December 2021, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal to recast the 2009 EU Gas Directive, as part of the proposed hydrogen and decarbonised gas markets package. This reflects the EU’s growing climate ambitions, set out in the European Green Deal and its ‘Fit for 55’ package.

The Commission’s proposal aims to support the decarbonisation of the energy sector by ramping up the production of renewable gases and hydrogen, and facilitating their integration in EU energy networks. The recast directive would become a core component of a new EU legislative framework for hydrogen networks, comparable to those that already exist for natural gas and electricity.

The Commission’s proposal would refine the principles of the existing Gas Directive and fully extend their scope to cover hydrogen networks. This includes an important set of consumer rights, provisions relating to transmission and distribution system operators (including their unbundling), third-party access and integrated network planning, and independent regulatory authorities. 

In the Parliament, the file was attributed to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), which appointed Jens Geier (S&D, Germany) as rapporteur on 7 February 2022.


Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules for the internal markets in renewable and natural gases and in hydrogen (recast)
Committee responsible:Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE)COM(2021) 803 final
Rapporteur:Jens Geier (S&D, Germany)2021/0425(COD)
Shadow rapporteurs:Jerzy Buzek (EPP, Poland)
Claudia Gamon (Renew, Austria)
Ordinary legislative
procedure (COD)
(Parliament and Council
on equal footing –
formerly ‘co-decision’)
Next steps expected: Publication of draft report
EU Legislation in progress: Proposal

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