Written by Jurgita LEKAVICIUTE.
Since its foundation in early 2020, STOA’s Centre for Artificial Intelligence (C4AI) produces studies, organises public events and acts as a platform for dialogue and information exchange on artificial intelligence (AI)-relevant topics within the Parliament and beyond. It aims to contribute to the quality and coherence of discussion and policy-making, as the EU seeks to coordinate its efforts and influence on global AI standard-setting.
Late that same year, STOA and the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) launched a partnership on artificial intelligence with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Global Parliamentary Network (GPN). The GPN is a hub for legislators and officials from parliaments around the world to share their experience, identify good practices and foster international legislative cooperation. It includes a Parliamentary Group on Artificial Intelligence, and benefits from proximity with the OECD’s AI Policy Observatory and Global Partnership on AI.
In the context of this partnership, a first series of podcasts was produced during 2021. A second series is now available, examining various aspects of AI development and policy with key experts from the field.
The first podcast in the 2022 series explores the role of AI in healthcare and how AI can contribute to the medical and healthcare field, while also taking stock of the most significant risks posed. The podcast includes a contribution from STOA Panel Member Lina Gálvez Muñoz (S&D, Spain) speaking about the work of the European Parliament and on the importance of legislation on AI. Dr Karim Lekadir, head of EUCanImage, then presents a four-year AI research project using AI for making advances in oncology. The project has 20 partners across 11 countries and has received nearly €10 million in funding. You can listen to the podcast here.
In the second podcast, STOA and the OECD focus on public/private regulatory divergence and the EU AI Act. It includes contributions by STOA Panel Member, Vice-Chair of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection and a member of the OECD Parliamentary Group on AI – Maria-Manuel Leitão-Marques (S&D, Portugal) and Ilina Georgieva, a research scientist working on AI, cyber regulation and cyber norms at the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO). They discuss how the proposed AI Act might create divergence in how different public and private sector actors are allowed to use AI, e.g. social scoring, real-time biometric identification or emotion recognition for state or commercial activities. This podcast can be accessed here.
The third podcast is oriented towards AI data governance. Member of the STOA Panel, European Parliament’s Committees on Industry, Research and Energy and on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, Pernille Weiss (EPP, Denmark), and Professor Linnet Taylor, Professor of Data Ethics, Law and Policy at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT), where she leads the Global Data Justice project, contribute to the discussion. They highlight the challenges associated with dominant data governance models and explore alternatives in the context of contemporary policy initiatives. You can listen to this podcast here.
Finally, the fourth podcast will focus on AI and the risks for democracy, with European Parliament Vice-President responsible for STOA Eva Kaili (S&D, Greece) and Anthony Gooch, Director of Public Affairs & Communications at OECD and Chair of the GPN.
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