Members' Research Service By / January 20, 2023

Revision of Council Directive 94/80/EC: Electoral rights of mobile Union citizens in municipal elections [EU Legislation in Progress]

The concept of citizenship of the European Union was formally introduced into the constitutional order by the Treaty of Maastricht, it is additional to national citizenship and does not replace it.

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Written by David de Groot (1st edition).

On 25 November 2021, the European Commission put forward a proposal to modify Council Directive 94/80/EC on the right of mobile EU citizens to vote and stand as candidates in municipal elections. The proposal tied in with the Commission President’s priority for a new push for European democracy. The proposal was presented together with three others: a proposal to modify Directive 93/109/EC on EU citizens’ right to vote and stand as candidates in elections to the European Parliament; a proposal on transparency and targeting of political advertising; and a proposal to revise EU Regulation No 1141/2014 on the funding of European political parties and foundations.

Although Directive 94/80/EC gave EU citizens living in another Member State the right to vote and stand in municipal elections under the same legal provisions and procedures as citizens of that Member State, the procedures under which these rights are exercised are subject to national legislation and procedures, which vary between Member States. The Commission’s proposal has been designed to address some of the concerns raised during the years since the directive entered into force and, in particular, the fact that despite the measures in place, mobile EU citizens still face difficulties in exercising their electoral rights in municipal elections.


Proposal for a Council Directive laying down detailed arrangements for the exercise of the right to vote and to stand as a candidate in municipal elections by Union citizens residing in a Member State of which they are not nationals (recast)
Committees responsible:Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE)COM(2021)0733
Rapporteur:Joachim Stanisław Brudziński (ECR, Poland)2021/0373(CNS)
Shadow rapporteurs:Paulo Rangel (EPP, Portugal)
Domènec Ruiz Devesa (S&D, Spain),
Yana Toom (Renew, Estonia),
Damian Boeselager (Greens/EFA Germany), Konstantinos Arvanitis (The Left, Greece)
Consultation procedure
(CNS) – Parliament adopts
a non-binding opinion
Next steps expected: Vote in committee on draft report

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