Written by Anita Orav and Alessandro D’Alfonso (3rd edition),
Updated on 12.1.2018
In anticipation of increased traveller flows and in response to security concerns regarding the control of EU external borders, on 6 April 2016, the Commission presented revised proposals for establishing an Entry/Exit System for recording the border-crossings of all non-EU nationals. It builds on the Smart Borders package presented in 2013, which did not secure consensus among the co-legislators and was the subject of additional technical and operational studies completed in 2015.
Under the new proposals, the current system of manual stamping of passports would be replaced by automation of certain preparatory border control procedures. The system would be interconnected with the Visa Information System (VIS) database and used by the same authorities: border control and consular posts. Moreover, it would allow law enforcement authorities to perform restricted queries in the database for criminal identification and intelligence to prevent serious crime and terrorism.
The two regulations were signed on 30 November 2017, and the Entry/Exit System is due to become fully functional by 2020 at the latest.
Proposal for a regulation establishing an Entry/Exit System (EES) to register entry and exit data and refusal of entry data of third country nationals crossing the external borders of the Member States of the European Union and determining the conditions for access to the EES for law enforcement purposes and amending Regulation (EC) No 767/2008 and Regulation (EU) No 1077/2011; Proposal for a regulation amending Regulation (EU) 2016/399 as regards the use of the Entry/Exit System
|Committee responsible:||Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE)||COM(2016)0194 of 06.04.2016
procedure ref.: 2016/0106(COD)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
|Rapporteur:||Agustín Díaz De Mera García Consuegra (EPP, Spain)|
|Tanja Fajon (S&D, Slovenia)
Jussi Halla-Aho (ECR, Finland)
Angelika Mlinar (ALDE, Austria)
Maria-Christine Vergiat (GUE/NGL, France)
Jan Philipp Albrecht (Greens/EFA, Germany)
Beatrix von Storch (EFDD, Germany)
|Procedure completed||Regulation (EU) 2017/2225 & Regulation (EU) 2017/2226
OJ L 327, 9.12.2017, pp. 1-82.
Visit the European Parliament page on ‘EU border controls and managing migration‘.