Written by Beatrix Immenkamp (4th edition),
Certain goods and technologies have legitimate civilian applications but can also be used for the development of weapons of mass-destruction, terrorist acts and human rights violations; these so-called ‘dual-use’ goods are subject to the European Union’s export control regime. The regime is now being revised, mainly to take account of significant technological developments and to create a more level playing field among EU Member States
The proposed regulation recasts the regulation in force since 2009. Among other elements, the proposal introduces a controversial new ‘human security’ dimension to export controls, to prevent the abuse of certain cyber-surveillance technologies by regimes with a questionable human rights record.
Stakeholders are divided over the incorporation of human rights considerations, with the technology industry particularly concerned that it might lose out to non-European competitors. The European Parliament, the Council and the Commission issued a joint statement on the review of the dual-use export control system in 2014 and the European Parliament has since adopted several resolutions related to the issue.
|Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council setting up a Union regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering, technical assistance and transit of dual-use items (recast).|
|Committees responsible:||International Trade (INTA)||COM(2016) 616 of 28.9.2016, 2016/0295(COD)
Ordinary legislative procedure (COD) (Parliament and Council on equal footing – formerly ‘co-decision’)
|Rapporteur:||Klaus Buchner (Green/EFA, Germany)|
|Shadow rapporteurs:||Christofer Fjellner (EPP, Sweden)
Bernd Lange (S&D, Germany)
Sander Loones (ECR, Belgium)
Marietje Schaake (ALDE, the Netherlands)
Anne-Marie Mineur (GUE/NGL, the Netherlands)
Tiziana Beghin (EFDD, Italy)
|Next steps expected:||First-reading debate in plenary|